History of Rowing Sports:
Rowing was primarily used for transportation in ancient civilizations. Rowing first began to be contested as a sport in Victorian England during the late 17th century. It gradually became popular in Europe and America. Competitive rowing has been part of Olympics since the beginning.
Venues for Rowing Sports in Beijing Olympics 2008:
The rowing event of the 29th Olympic Games will be held at Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park on the side of Chaobai River in Beijing from August 9-17, 2008.
- 350 places for men
- 194 places for women
- 4 places for Tripartite Commission Invitations
- 2 places for Host Nation
- Total of 550 athletes
Equipments for Rowing Sports:
- Blade: The flattened, or spoon-shaped, part of an oar.
- Boot: A device that holds the bow of a boat before a race before the starting signal.
- Bow: The forward section of a boat.
- Bowball: A rubber ball attached to the bow tip of a shell to protect against damage and injury.
- Button: An adjustable collar around the shaft of the oar that keeps the oar from slipping through the oarlock.
- Cox box: An electronic device used by the coxswain as a voice amplifier.
- Double: A sculling boat for two rowers.
- Eight: A sweep-oar boat with eight rowers and a coxswain.
- Fin/ Skeg: A small, flat piece of wood or plastic attached perpendicularly to the bottom of the shell for navigation.
- Four: A sweep-oar boat for four rowers, with or without a coxswain.
- Gate: A bar across the oarlock to prevent the oar from popping out.
- Gunwale: A horizontal strip of wood running the length of a shell, to which the ribs and other parts are attached.
- Handle: The part of an oar held by an oarsman.
- Keel: The body of the shell that runs from box to stern.
- Loom: The part of an oar between the blade and the handle.
- Oar: A lever used to propel and steer a boat through water.
- Oarlock/ Rowlock: A U-shaped device on a boat's gunwale where the oar rests.
- Outrigger/ Rigger: A framework used to support the oarlock.
- Pin: The metal rod upon which the oarlock is mounted.
- Rib: A U-shaped piece of fabricated wood, aluminum or carbon fiber that supports the hull.
- Rudder: A device under the shell of a boat used to steer it.
- Scull: One of two short oars used for propulsion.
- Shell: A rowing boat.
- Sleeve: The plastic jacket on the shaft of the oar used to secure the blade to the oarlock.
Competition Rules for Rowing Sports:
FISA assumes responsibility for:
- Laying out rules for the competition
- Pursuant to the Olympic Charter
- Technical control and direction of the sport
- Nominating international technical officials
- National technical officials appointed by BOCOG.
Rowing Sports Events in Beijing Olympic 2008:
The following events are included in the program for Beijing 2008 Olympics:
- coxless pair (2-) Men
- eight with coxswain (8+) Men
- lightweight coxless four (4-) Men
- quadruple sculls without coxsw Men
- double sculls (2x) Women
- lightweight double sculls (2x) Women
- quadruple sculls without coxsw Women
- double sculls (2x) Men
- four without coxswain (4-) Men
- lightweight double sculls (2x) Men
- single sculls (1x) Men
- eight with coxswain (8+) Women
- pair without coxswain (2-) Women
- single sculls (1x) Women