History of Canoe/ Kayak FlatWater Sports:
- For centuries, canoeing flatwater was used for transport, fishing and hunting.
- Competitive canoeing Kayak FlatWater Sports started in the mid-19th century.
- The Royal Canoe Kayak FlatWater Sports Club of London was formed in 1866.
- The New York Canoe Kayak FlatWater Sports Club was formed in 1871.
- Today competition is contested in Canadian style canoes or kayaks.
- World championships in canoeing/ Kayak FlatWater Sports began in 1938.
- The first international federation to govern canoeing was the Internationale Representantskapet för Kanotidrott (IRK) which was formed in 1924.
- Canoeing/ Kayak FlatWater Sports was included in the Olympic program as a demonstration sport in 1924.
- In 1936, Kayak FlatWater Sports began to be contested as a full medal sport.
- Women canoeing / Kayak FlatWater Sports events were introduced in 1948.
- Europe dominates the Kayak FlatWater Sports at the Olympic Games.
- Olympic events are held over 500 and 1000 meters.
- Events are held for men with one, two, or four paddlers in a canoe or kayak.
- Women compete only in kayak events in singles, doubles, and quads.
Venue for Canoe/ Kayak FlatWater Sports:
The canoe/kayak event of the 29th Olympic Games will be held at the Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park on the side of Chaobai River in the Shunyi District of Beijing from August 11-23, 2008.
Equipment for Canoe / Kayak FlatWater Sports:
- Canoe: A light, narrow, open boat.
- Blade: The wide part of a paddle.
- Cockpit: The enclosed space in a kayak or slalom canoe.
- Deck: A closed-in area over the bow to shed water and strengthen the gunwales.
- Double-bladed paddle: A paddle with a blade at each end.
- Grip: The end of a canoe paddle opposite from the blade.
- Hull: The frame or body of a boat.
- Kayak: A watertight canoe.
- Single-bladed paddle: A paddle with a blade at one end.
- Paddle: Has one flat blade at the end of the shaft.
- Spray skirts: Sealed into the boat to prevent water from entering.
Heats, semifinals and finals will be held in each event.
The number of Kayaks or Canoes in each heat and in the final must not exceed nine.
The first boat whose bow crosses the finish line, with all crew members in it will be declared winner.
The division into heats will be based on the previous World Championships finals.
The distribution of lanes will be in accordance with the Division System by ICF Rules.
- The standard ICF courses will be used for races all over the world.
- Technical installations and equipment as defined in "The ICF Manual for Canoe Championships" must be made available.
- Full details of the course concerned must be submitted in writing to Chair of Flat water Racing Committee.
- The concerned federation is responsible for the inspection of the course.
- Rules and regulations will be defined by the ICF Board of Directors (or the Flat water Racing Committee).
- The racing course shall be measured and marked 5 hours prior to the race.
- 172 men
- 74 women
- Total of 246 athletes
Events of Canoe/ Kayak FlatWater Sports In Beijing Olympics 2008
- C-1 1000m (canoe single) Men
- C-2 1000m (canoe double) Men
- K-1 1000m (kayak single) Men
- K-2 1000m (kayak double) Men
- K-4 1000m (kayak four) Men
- K-2 500m (kayak double) Women
- C-1 500m (canoe single) Men
- C-2 500m (canoe double) Men
- K-1 500m (kayak single) Men
- K-2 500m (kayak double) Men
- K-1 500m (kayak single) Women
- K-4 500m (kayak four) Women