History of Beach Volleyball:
Beach volleyball originated in California during the 1920s. The first official tournament was played 1947. Beach Volleyball was recognized as an official sport international sport in the 1970s.
Rules of Beach Volleyball:
- One team serves and the other aims for a “side-out” by using one of the three touches: 1. Dig, 2. Set, 3. Spike
- There are only two players on a team.
- One player plays in the offence position and the other plays in the defense position.
- The players may choose from half-speed, finesse and placement shots.
- Players are allowed to move to all areas of the court.
- There are no court-side coaches - players decide tactics during time-outs.
- Matches are played best of three sets using the rally point system.
- The first two sets are played to 21 points.
- The final tie-breaker set is played to 15 points.
- A team must win a set by two points.
- One player will take care of all the frontcourt blocking, while the defender keeps to the backcourt.
Playing Area for Beach Volleyball
The playing area includes the playing court and the free zone.
Dimensions for Playing Area of Beach Volleyball
- The playing court is a rectangle measuring 16 x 8 m.
- The surrounding free zone must be atleast 3 m wide.
- The space should be free from any obstruction up to a height of a minimum of 7 m from the playing surface.
- For FIVB World Competitions, the free zone is extended to 5-6 m.
Playing Surface for Beach Volleyball:
- The surface must be made of sand.
- It should be flat and uniform without any stones, pebbles or sharp objects.
- The sand must be atleast 40 cm deep when loosely compacted.
- The playing surface must not present any danger of injury to the players.
- For FIVB World Competitions the sand should also be sifted to an acceptable size.
- A tarp to cover the central court is recommended in case of rain.
Lines on the Court of Beach Volleyball:
- Two sidelines and two end lines mark the playing court.
- Both side and end lines are placed inside the dimensions of the playing court.
- There is no centerline.
- All lines are 5-8 cm wide.
- The lines must be marked with a contrasting color.
Service Zone for Beach Volleyball:
The service zone is the area behind the end line and between the extensions of the two sidelines. In depth, the service zone extends to the end of the free zone.
Weather Conditions for Playing Beach Volleyball:
The weather must not present any danger of injury to the players.
Lighting for Beach Volleyball:
Standardized lighting of 1,000 to 1,500 lux should be used. The lighting source must be placed at 1 m above the playing surface.
Net for Beach Volleyball:
- Length: 8.5 m
- Width: 1 m (+/- 3 cm)
- It is made of 10 cm square mesh.
- At the top and bottom of the net, there are two 7-10 cm wide horizontal bands made of two-fold canvas sewn along its entire length.
- The corners of the upper band have holes for the fastening cord to pass through.
- There is a flexible cable within the bands to keep the net taut.
Ball Required for Beach Volleyball:
- The ball should be spherical and made from flexible, humidity-proof material.
- The bladder should be made of rubber or similar material.
- The material should be approved by the FIVB regulations.
- The color of the ball is usually bright.
- Circumference of the ball should be 66 to 68 cm for FIVB international competitions
- Weight of the ball should fall within 260 to 280 g.
- Inside pressure should be set at 171 to 221 mbar or hPa (0.175 to 0.225 Kg/cm2)
Beach Volleyball Events:
The following events are included in the program for Beijing Olympics 2008:
- Beach volleyball Men
- Beach volleyball Women
Venues for Beach Volleyball in Beijing Olympics 2008:
The beach volleyball competitions will be held at the Chaoyang Park Beach Volleyball Ground from August 9-22, 2008.
- Men -48 (24 teams x 2 players)
- Women -48 (24 teams x 2 players)
- Total- 96