Yitzhak Rabin Biography

Yitzhak Rabin Biography

Yitzhak Rabin was the fifth Prime minister of Israel, serving two terms in office.  He was also a Military General and a Nobel Peace Prize winner.

Born: March 1, 1922, Jerusalem, Israel
Full name: Yitzhak Rabin
Assassinated: November 4, 1995, Tel Aviv, Israel
Buried: Helkat Gedolei Ha'Uma, Israel
Awards: Nobel Peace Prize, Time's Person of the Year
Parents: Rosa Rabin, Nehemiah Rabin

Early Life

Rabin was born to Nehemiah and Rosa Rabin in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine on 1st March 1992.  The family relocated to Tel Aviv, where Rabin spent his formative years.  In 1940 Yitzhak Rabin graduated and later pursued several military courses in England.

In 1941 Yitzhak Rabin joined the Palmach section of the Hagannah and participated in the allied invasion of Lebanon, Syria.  His stint in the Palmach continued and in 1947 he became the Chief Operations Officer of the Palmach.

Career

  • Rabin continued to play a central role in the 1948 Arab-Israel War and saw a lot of action.  He was deputy Commander of Operation Danny, and was also a part of Operation Yoav and Operation Horev.  Hostilities between the Arabs and Israel ended with the 1949 Armistice agreements and thus ended the military career of Yitzhak Rabin.
  • In 1964 he was appointed the Chief of Staff of the Israeli Defense Forces.  Under his command, the IDF gained victory over Egypt and Syria, and Jordan in the six day war in 1967. 
  • In 1968 Yitzhak Rabin served as ambassador to the United States for a period of five years.  In 1974 he served as Israeli Minister of Labour in Golda Meir’s government and in the same year succeeded her as Prime Minister of Israel.  His term in office was eventful and in 1977 his party suffered defeat in the elections.  Till 1984 Rabin was a member of the Knesset and served on the foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.
  • In 1992 Rabin won the elections to once again become Prime Minister of Israel.During this term Rabin played a major role in the signing of the Oslo Accords. This Accord granted official recognition to the PLO and Yasser Arafat, and also signaled the end of violence between the Palestine and Israel.  He also signed the Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace in 1994. 
  • On 4th November 1995, a radical right wing Jew, who was opposed to Rabin’s conciliatory approach towards the Arabs, assassinated him.  His death was mourned the world over, as Israel had lost one of its more moderate leaders.

Achievements

  • He was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with Yasser Arafat and Shimon Peres.
  • Yitzhak Rabin was awarded the 1994 Ronald Reagan Freedom Award.
  • He was twice Prime Minister of Israel.
  • He also was Ambassador to the United states for five years.

Quotes

We must think differently, look at things in a different way. Peace requires a world of new concepts, new definitions.
- Yitzhak Rabin

The world is no longer against us.
- Yitzhak Rabin

Give peace a chance.
- Yitzhak Rabin

I considered the prevention of war as the test of our security policy in addition to being able to rapidly and forcefully end any war forced upon us.
- Yitzhak Rabin

Enough of blood and tears. Enough.
- Yitzhak Rabin


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