World Wetlands Day 2015 theme "Wetlands for our Future" and 2014 theme is "Wetlands take care of water"
World Wetlands Day is celebrated on February 2nd every year as it marks the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands called Ramsar Convention which took place in the Iranian city of Ramsar near the Caspian Sea on 2 February 1971. Around 160 countries have signed the Treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The World Wetlands Day celebrations started from 1997 onwards. After this encouraging beginning, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and groups of citizens at all levels of the community have come forward to use this opportunity to commence actions generating public awareness of wetland values and benefits in general and the Ramsar Convention in particular.
As wetlands are the most diverse and productive ecosystems on our planet, by saving them we can preserve ecosystems and their species. Wetlands are home to an immense variety of species ranging from plants, insects, freshwater fish, amphibians, marine turtles, mammals and birds. Wetlands are sites for resting, breeding and feeding for many migrating species.
World wetlands day celebration has inspired people around the world to work for wetlands. People became more and more aware of the connection between a healthy wetland eco-system and human health. Wetlands can prevent the contamination of ground water and it helps in water recycling too. Around 30 acres of wetlands are created in the city of Petaluma, California as part of the Ellis Creek Water Recycling Facility.
Infact, healthy wetlands can assure food security; water security; ‘insurance’ through the formation of natural buffers to storm damage; as well as spiritual, recreational and educational value. Degradation of wetlands results in the spread of infectious diseases and the resurgence of water-related diseases. It will also reduce the availability of wetland plants and animals that have medicinal values.
Because wetlands work for us: we have to work for wetlands as well. Restoration, creation and protection of wetlands can result in an improved health of our local, national, and international waterways. The theme for World Wetlands Day celebration, 2012 is "Wetlands and Tourism". Wetlands tourism is an advantage for people and wildlife both locally and nationally.