Winston Churchill Biography

Winston Churchill Biography

The Right Honorable Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was a British statesman, twice Prime Minister of Britain, best known as a wartime leader, who guided Britain through the Second World War.  His statesman like qualities and excellent oratorical skills made him one of the most charismatic leaders of Britain, remembered even in the present age.  Winston Churchill was also an officer in the British army, a historian, a writer and a painter.

Born: November 30, 1874, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, United Kingdom
Died: January 24, 1965, Hyde Park Gate, United Kingdom
Children: Mary Soames, Baroness Soames, Sarah Churchill, Randolph Churchill, Diana Churchill, Marigold Churchill
Education: Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (1894), Harrow School, Stoke Brunswick School, St. George's School, Ascot
Parents: Lord Randolph Churchill, Lady Randolph Churchill
Books: My Early Life, The River War

Early Life

Winston Churchill was a scion of the aristocratic Spencer family, born on 30th November 1874 to Lord Randolph Churchill and Jennie Jerome, an American socialite. A privileged childhood saw Winston attend the best schools ending up finally at Harrow School where his military career began.  After Harrow, Winston Churchill attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was commissioned as the Second lieutenant in the 4th Queen’s Own Hussars and in 1941 was appointed as Colonel of the Hussars.


During his time with the Hussars Winston Churchill began writing about the war, and so began his career as a war correspondent.  His military career as a soldier and correspondent continued from Cuba to India, Egypt and Sudan.

Political Career

After his military stint, Winston Churchill became a Conservative Member of Parliament in 1900.  His chequered parliamentary career saw him hold many high posts in Liberal and Conservative governments during 1900 to 1930.  As the Second World War started he was appointed the First Lord of the Admiralty.  In May 1940, he was elected Prime Minister and Minister for Defense and held these posts till 1945.  In 1951 he again became Prime Minister and resigned in 1955, though he continued to be a Member of Parliament until 1964.

Literary Career

  • Winston Churchill’s stint with writing began with his War Correspondence and Campaign reports, which he later published in as a book, The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and the River War (1899). 
  • He published his only fiction novel Savrola and later the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill. 
  • His other major work was the biography in four volumes of his ancestor, The Duke of Marlborough.  
  • The World Crisis is Winston Churchill’s account of the First World War in four volumes.
  • The Memoirs of the Second World War ran into six volumes.
  • A History of the English Speaking Peoples( 4 vols)
  • Winston Churchill’s speeches survive in a dozen volumes, among them the Unrelenting Struggle, The Dawn of Liberation.
  • An autobiographical account of his life My Early Life


  • He was twice Prime Minister of England.
  • In 1953 he was conferred with a knighthood and invested with the Insignia of the Order of the Garter.
  • Winston Churchill received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953.
  • He received an honorary citizenship of the United States in 1963.
  • Churchill died on 24th January 1965 and was awarded with a state funeral.


“Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts.”
― Winston Churchill

“A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.”
― Winston Churchill

“You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life.”
― Winston Churchill

“Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.”
― Winston Churchill

“Men occasionally stumble over the truth, but most of them pick themselves up and hurry off as if nothing ever happened.”
― Winston Churchill

“My tastes are simple: I am easily satisfied with the best.”
― Winston Churchill

“If you are going through hell, keep going.”
― Winston Churchill

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