Victor Hugo Biography

Victor Hugo Biography

Victor Marie Hugo was born on 26 February 1802, in Besancon. Victor Hugo’s father, Joseph Leopold Sigisbert Hugo, was a great Napoleon army solider and his mother was Sophie Trebuchet. Victor Hugo died in Paris in 1828.

Born: February 26, 1802, Besançon, France
Died: May 22, 1885, Paris, France
Full name: Victor Marie Hugo
Education: Lycee Louis-le-Grand
Artwork: Pieuvre avec les initales V.H., Gavroche a 11 ans

Personal Biography

There were many events in Victor Hugo life. Napoleon was the Emperor at the time of Hugo’s birth. He learnt a lot from his father, who was an officer in the Napoleon army. His mother was a Catholic, her ideas didn’t match with her husband and they separated. Most of Hugo’s upbringing was done by her mother. His thinking was influenced by his mother.He opposed Napoleon as an Emperor. In 1822, Victor Hugo married Adele Foucher.


Victor Hugo began as a Novelist, poet, dramatist and writer. He wrote many poems, novels based on real life, dramas, touching the feelings of a person. The great works of Victor Hugo had made him popular among people. Victor Hugo had a strong voice, rich and intense in style which adds life to his plays and dramas.

But in his later life he diverted himself towards politics and was elected in 1841.In 1848, Victor Hugo was elected to the Constitutional Assembly and to the Legislative Assembly. Through the sword of poems he brought down Napoleon III from the throne. He lived in Brussels and for the short time in Luxemburg and after that victor Hugo returned back in Paris, where he was elected as a senator of Paris in 1876.


  1. ODES ET POESIES DIVERSES:-In 1822, Victor Hugo published his first collection of poems which was appreciated by everyone.
  2. HAN DISLANDE:- In 1823, he published another set of poem through which Victor Hugo got the recognition.
  3. HERNANI: - In 1830, he wrote a play named Hernani which got him fame and established Victor Hugo as a dramatist.
  4. NOTRE-DAME DE PARIS:-A novel written by Victor Hugo reflects his great work .
  5. La Fin de Satan: - This poem of Victor Hugo depicted the Spiritism in which he described about evils, spirits and horror.
  6. Les Miserable: - A story written by Victor Hugo describes the injustice done by Napoleon III become famous, which lead to the dethronement of Napoleon III.
  7. Other famous works of Victor Hugo are LE ROI S'AMUSE (1832), RYU BLAS (1838).


  • Victor Hugo was a great national icon, served his country through his great works.
  • There is a museum in Paris, named Place des Vosges. Hugo’s residence has been converted into a museum. The house in Vianden, Luxembourg also has been remodeled into a museum.


“Music expresses that which cannot be put into words and that which cannot remain silent”
― Victor Hugo

“He never went out without a book under his arm, and he often came back with two.”
― Victor Hugo

“What Is Love? I have met in the streets a very poor young man who was in love. His hat was old, his coat worn, the water passed through his shoes and the stars through his soul”
― Victor Hugo

“Music expresses that which cannot be said and on which it is impossible to be silent.”
― Victor Hugo

“Even the darkest night will end and the sun will rise.”
― Victor Hugo

“The power of a glance has been so much abused in love stories, that it has come to be disbelieved in. Few people dare now to say that two beings have fallen in love because they have looked at each other. Yet it is in this way that love begins, and in this way only.”
― Victor Hugo

“To love another person is to see the face of God.”
― Victor Hugo

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