A veterinarian, or a vet is a doctor who treats animals against their sickness. Mainly a veterinarian is involved in diagnosing animal diseases. He diagnoses sick and injured animals. He also gives his advice to owners of the pets to take proper care of them.
A Veterinarian (doctor) sincerely take pledge to use his or her scientific knowledge and skills "for the well-being of society, in course of protecting animal health, giving relief from animal suffering, the protection of animal resources, the promotion of public health, and taking steps towards the development of medical knowledge”.
The chief duty of Veterinarians is to take care of animal health care; besides they can also get involved in improvement of public health issues. Their work is to analyse, treat, and research on the medical conditions and diseases of pets and animals.
In most of the cases, Veterinarians have private clinical practice license to treat the injuries and illnesses of pets and animals. In their lab they have variety of medical equipment and surgical tools like x-ray and ultrasound machines. Their practice treat animals in the similar way as a doctor, or a physician treat humans.
Veterinarian work environment is normally same as hospitals. The hospital in which a Veterinarian work is known as veterinary hospital or clinic. Most of the time of a Veterinarian is utilized while travelling as they have to treat/diagnose big animals. They visit their patient home such as zoos, farms, etc.
In a contradiction to a human doctor's office, a Veterinarian has separate examination rooms for his patients. These room looks like a hospital having full pharmacy facilities. Animals like dogs, cats, and exotics can be treated in waiting rooms available with separate areas.
There are well-facilitated offices and laboratories for veterinarians working in public health and research centres known as (non-clinical areas). Here the working environment for them is quite clean. They have working conditions similar to human doctors. To know the exact problem an animal is facing, a veterinarian has to spend more time dealing with animal owner/caretaker rather than that of animal.
A veterinarian must be a graduate with a degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M. or V.M.D). It is a degree having a 4-year program at a recognized college, or university of veterinary medicine. There are number of colleges all over the world where 26 are located only in United States of America.
The admission criteria for a Veterinarian degree may vary depending upon the program. Few programs do not necessitate a bachelor's degree for entrance test, but all require a large number of credit hours that ranges from 45 to 90 semesters at undergraduate level. During their educational tenure, a Veterinarian has to study all science subjects including biology, chemistry, and physics etc.
Some programs may also necessitate calculus, statistics, college algebra and trigonometry, or pre-calculus.
All States and the District necessitate a veterinarian’s license before practising. But, if a veterinarian works for some Federal agency, or some State government then no license is required. The state government controls the Licensing which is not uniform throughout all states.
There are number of Veterinarian school that has opened in the recent year. As of now, the Veterinarian employment is expected to grow around 12 to 13 % in the coming years around 2015-2022. There are 29 accredited schools of veterinary medicine in United States only. There is a huge employment growth in this filed where anyone can easily choose to become a Veterinarian and contribute in large; for animal care. There are many government positions too offering good salary, perks, and compensation.
A recent survey report says, that veterinarians get median annual wage of $86,640. Whereas, the median annual wage is termed as the wage in which half of the workers in an occupation earned more amount and half are paid less. If we talk in terms of percentage, then the lowest 10 percent of the earning is approximate $51,530, and the top 10 percent of the earning is more than $144,100.
Veterinarians sometimes work for long hours. Some do late night shifts and some work on weekend also. Sometimes, veterinarians have to attend the emergencies too; outside their work schedule. In a recent survey, it is reported that about 1 in 3 veterinarians work more than 50 hours in a week.