The United States have a well established education system that calls for compulsory education to be provided for the children from age 5 or 6 up to the age 16 or 18 depending upon the state in which the child is studying. Different states are governed by different sets of educational rules set by state government. The education system in the United States is very much developed that students from many other countries are coming to the nation to pursue further and specialized education.
The total number of school districts in the United States is 14,881 and the number of public schools at different states totals to about 85,393. There are also about 34,438 private and catholic schools and around 4000 charter schools in the fifty states of the US.
The government spent about $ 10,800 on the elementary and secondary education of the students per head annually and the total school expenditure comes around $241,062,373,000 every year.
More than one fourth of the US population aged 3 and over is enrolled in one of the education institution from the nursery to the college. The number of students enrolled in any of the educational institutions may be sum up to 75 million students.
About sixty percentages of the children in the age group of 3 to 4 are enrolled in nursery schools and 65% of those of 5 and 6 year olds are going to full time kindergarten.
Out of the total student population, about 49.8 million students attends the public elementary and secondary schools of which 35 million students are attending the pre kindergarten up to the eighth grade and the rest 14.8 million are from grade 9 to 12. Around 12 % of the total students which comes close to 6 million are attending the private schools in the United States.
Compared to the 21% of non Hispanic Whites minority students who attended the elementary and high schools back in 1970, now it has risen up to around 40 percentages.
About 22 percent of the elementary and high school students have at least one foreign born parent and out of this, about six percent of the school student themselves are foreign born.
The public education system has slightly less than 2.6 million teachers employed under it at the elementary and high school level with the school students to teachers ratio being 1: 17. And the private schools have around 0.5 million teachers working in it, with the teacher to student ratio being 1: 12.
Around 4 in ten secondary school teachers do not hold a degree in the subject they are dealing with at school. And about half of the elementary teachers have more than 25 students in their class. More than half of the English teachers deal with over 80 students daily.
The Average teacher's salary in the United States for a traditional public school teacher is $ 51,009. And the teachers in California receive the highest average annual salary in the US which comes around $ 63,640; Connecticut ($61,039) and New Jersey ($ 59,730) are the other states which offer the top salaries for teachers. The lowest teacher's pay scale is in South Dakota where the annual salary comes just around $ 35, 378.
About 18.4 million students are attending colleges and universities in the United States which is a 3 million increase from the year 2000. Of this, only 11.4 million are full time students and the remaining 7 million are part time college students. At present the college has a majority of female students which accounts for 10.5 million of the total students and the male students just comes up to a 7.9 million in number.
The number of students attending the public four year college is this year is 7.2 million and those attending private four year college are 4.4 million. Around 6.5 million students are attending the public two year undergraduate college in the US and at the same time, about 0.3 million students at private two year undergraduate college.
At present, more than 13 percent of the college students are black or African Americans which are about a 2% increase from the year 2000. The number of Hispanic minority students studying at college has also increased to 11.4% of the total students; from the 9.5% in the year 2000.
The Average tuition fee, room and board fee for a four year public and private college students have more than doubled when compared to the corresponding figures in the year 1900 and the average fee at a public college just comes to half of the fee at a private college offering the same course.
This year, the colleges and the universities have given out about 741 thousand associate degrees, 659 thousand masters degrees, 1,634,000 under graduate or bachelor degrees, more than 60 thousand doctoral degrees and about 94,400 first professional degree certificates to its students.