Thomas Jefferson Biography

Thomas Jefferson Biography

Thomas Jefferson was born on 13 April, 1743. His father was Peter Jefferson and mother was Jane Randolph. Thomas Jefferson died on 4 July, 1826 at the age of eighty-three.

Born: April 13, 1743, Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
Education: College of William and Mary (1760–1762)
Presidential term: March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809
Spouse: Martha Jefferson (m. 1772–1782)
Awards: AIA Gold Medal

Personal Biography

Thomas Jefferson began his schooling in 1752, and participated in many activities like horse riding, etc. He took admission in the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, where he improved his French and Greek.Hepassed out of college in 1762.   Thomas Jefferson married a widow named Martha Wayles Skelton at the age of 29.Thomas Jefferson raised his voice against British and the member of the Committee of Correspondence.


Thomas Jefferson started practicing law and was very active in his field from 1768 to 1773.He had great interest in reading books and had his own library. Thomas Jefferson was a great writer, architect, gardener and had keen interest in innovation and inventions.


  • Founding of the University of Virginia: - At the age of 76 Thomas Jefferson laid the foundation of University of Virginia.
  • Author of the Declaration of Independence:-On July 4, 1776, Declaration of Independence was made which contained the message that 13 American colonies were independent then and not part of British.This declaration was written by Thomas Jefferson and since then this day is celebrated as Independence Day in America.
  • First Secretary of State: - Thomas Jefferson become the first secretary of the state (1789–1793) of Washington. Later he resigned from this post and become Vice President.
  • Governor of Virginia: - In 1779, Thomas Jefferson  was elected as  Governor of Virginia.
  • Minister of France: - In 1784, Thomas Jefferson  was elected as  minister of France. In France he signed an anti-piracy treaty with Morocco and said that it’s the longest unbroken relationship.
  • Third president of United States: - In 1800, Thomas Jefferson was elected as the  third president of America after defecting Hamilton.

Other achievements of Thomas Jefferson are ,he acted as Vice President from 1797-1801; he purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803.

There are many articles written by Thomas Jefferson like -A Summary View of the Rights of British America in 1774, a document known as The Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms in 1775, a book - Notes on the State of Virginia which was edited in 1781 and The Jefferson Bible (The Life and Morals).

Awards of Thomas Jefferson

  • Thomas Jefferson was a great American icon .
  • There are many school, college and universities in the name of Thomas Jefferson like Thomas Jefferson High School in Virginia, Bloomington Jefferson High School, etc.
  • There are many buildings, sculptures, portrait in memory of Thomas Jefferson.

There are many parks being built in the name of Thomas Jefferson known as Jefferson Park in Chicago.


“Do you want to know who you are? Don't ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“I predict future happiness for Americans, if they can prevent the government from wasting the labors of the people under the pretense of taking care of them.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“Honesty is the first chapter of the book wisdom.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“The legitimate powers of government extend to such acts only as are injurious to others. It does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods or no god. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“I sincerely believe that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies, and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“The most valuable of all talents is that of never using two words when one will do.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“On matters of style, swim with the current, on matters of principle, stand like a rock.”
― Thomas Jefferson

“We in America do not have government by the majority. We have government by the majority who participate.”
― Thomas Jefferson

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