Spain is a land of artistes, known for its cultural heritage. It is one of the best tourist destinations in Europe as music and dance enthusiasts from the world over crowd the destination to catch a glimpse of its artistic heritage. Spanish dance is gaining popularity among the top dance forms of the world. In this context, a brief description of the Spanish various dance forms becomes imperative.
Spanish various dance forms can be broadly classified as:
Flamenco: Flamenco is the most popular dance form of Spanish. Madrid and Andalucia are the major centers of this dance and most Spanish dancers have taken to this genre of Spanish dance. This dance form has singers who sing live for the performers with frequent clapping to aid the rhythm of the dancer. The dance along with the music has a strong Arabic influence on them. The later forms of the Flamenco developed variations according to the province and its traditions. The costumes for Flamenco dance forms are varied, very colorful and elaborate.
Classical Spanish Dance: Classical Spanish dance is also known as Estilización. It has dances choreographed by famous music composers of Spain such as Granado, Falla and Turina. It is a smooth blend of Classical ballet, Flamenco and Folklorica forms
Folklorica: Folklorica is a dance form that is as diverse as Spanish. Each province in Spain has a distinct tradition and culture and these folk art forms have incorporated that into their dance. Hence they are known by different names in different regions – Zorcico of Basque, Sardana of Catalonia, Muneira of Galicia and Verdiales of Malaga.
18th Century Dance: 18th century dance form is known as Escuela Bolera in Spanish. This is a very unique dance form where the dancers sport the ancient outfits of Spain from the time of the famous Spanish painter, Goya. Hence this dance form is also referred to as Goyescas. Not only the outfits, the choreography and the expressions are all typical of the 18th century.
Classical Dance: Classical dance or ballet is a very serious form of dance that includes display of movements that are mastered after years of practice. It is an elegant and classical dance form that is highly technical and difficult to master.
Castanets: Castanet is a simple percussion instrument that Spanish dancers use as an accompaniment. It is a small hand held instrument that has two shells connected on one end by strings. Using these strings, the dancer holds the castanet and plays to the rhythm of the music and dance. Only a few dance forms use castanets, Sevillanas in particular. Only those dance forms are grouped under Castanets.
Dancers who learn and practice Spanish various dance forms are also experimenting and trying to popularize these forms in countries other than Europe.