Samuel Taylor Coleridge Biography

Samuel Taylor Coleridge Biography

Childhood of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Ottery St Mary, Devonshire was the birthplace of Samuel Taylor Coleridge who was the youngest of his siblings.He was born to vicar of Ottery St Mary. Samuel Taylor was sent to Christ's Hospital School in London after the demise of his father. He also completed his education from Jesus College.At Cambridge, Coleridge met the radical, future poet laureate Robert Southey. He shifted to Bristol with Southey to start a community, but the plan failed. In 1795 he got married to the sister of Southey's fiancée Sara Fricker but could never love her.

Career of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

In 1796 his first work “Poems On Various Subjects” went on publication and immediately the following year “Poems” got published. In the same year he started the publication of liberal political periodical “The Watchman” which was not successful.He was closely associated with Dorothy and William Wordsworth, one of the most beneficial innovative associations in English literature. This friendship led to “Lyrical Ballads”, which started with Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" and concluded with Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey". These poems established a precedent of using local parlance and fresh methods of looking at nature.

Associations of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

The brothers Thomas Wedgewood and Josiah offered Coleridge an annuity of 150 pounds which allowed him to quench his literary appetite. Disillusioned with the political scenarios in France, Coleridge went to Germany in 1798-99 with Dorothy along with William Wordsworth, and developed interest in the works of Immanuel Kant. He learned philosophy at Göttingen University and got expertise in the German language. IN 1799 Coleridge fell in love with Sara Hutchinson who was the sister of Wordsworth's future wife. Coleridge dedicated his work "Dejection: An Ode" (1802) to her. From 1808 to 1818 he delivered several lectures, specifically in London, and was believed to be the greatest of Shakespearean critics. In 1810 Coleridge's friendship with Wordsworth went through a rough patch and they could never reestablish their earlier relationship

Last Years of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Suffering from rheumatic and neuralgic pains, Coleridge got addicted to opium. During that phase of his life, he made London his home and was on the verge of suicide. He managed a permanent roof in Highgate under the shadow of Dr. James Gillman, and enjoyed a great fame among the younger Romantics.

The incomplete poems "Christabel" and "Kubla Khan" were published in 1816 and the following year "Sibylline Leaves" was published. His most prominent production during this period was the Biographia Literaria. After 1817 Coleridge was instrumental in contributing to theological political and sociological concerns. In 1824 Coleridge was appointed a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and died in Highgate, close to London on July 25, 1834.


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