The Samoan culture has a long rich history of doing most of the activities together. Three main part of Samoan culture is faith, family and music. The traditional Samoan houses do not have any walls and around 20 people can sleep on the ground inside the same house. Throughout the day, the house is used to chat and relax. The family is considered as a vital part of an individual’s life. The members of the extended family also live in the same house and work together. The elders hold the highest status in the family and are respected by all the family members.
Samoans hold fast to some core social values and observances known as fa'a Samoa and talk in Samoan language. The current official name is Samoa. Over the years Samoans have established considerable nomad communities in countries those include New Zealand, Australia, and the United States, and a few small communities in other neighboring countries.
Usually Samoans take rest on Sundays. The Samoan families assemble to have an umu, a traditional meal, together in afternoon. In a traditional family, the eldest members will start eating the umu first and afterwards the younger members and children start eating. The umu consists of items like:
Coconut is used in most of the Samoan dishes.
Fish,lobster, crab, chicken, and pork are the local staples including lettuce, cabbage, root vegetables like talo, ta'amu, tree crops like breadfruit and coconut as well. Imported foods consumed by Samoans are rice, honey, butter, jam, flour, sugar, bread, tea, canned meat and fish, and carbonated beverages.
Serving cooked whole pigs is the main feature of the festive occasions.
Samoan ladies usually wear a matching skirt and tunic which is called as the puletasi. Both men and women are seen wearing the lava lava, a type of sarong. The dresses are plain in case of men whereas women used to wear colorful ones. Few men put obscure and geometrical patterns of tattoos on their lower portion of the body and upper legs. The process is done without using anesthesia and is exceptionally painful.
Samoa is overpoweringly Christian. The minority population joined the religion of major portion of the population including Congregationalist, Methodist, Roman Catholic, and Latter-Day Saints, recently. These religious groups are ethnic.
In rural areas there is a strong pressure to take part in church services and other activities. The people are also forced to support church leaders and projects financially. In some sections of religious group, the contribution accounts for about 30% of the total income of the family.
The following are some of the events in which all the Samoans participate with joy and passion: