Saddam Hussein Biography

Saddam Hussein Biography

Family Background of Saddam Hussein

Saddam, means "he who fights," was born in al-Auja, on the  outside of Tikrit in Iraq. It is believed that  post birth his father disappeared. Saddam's mother married again to a man who was illiterate and brutal. Saddam did not want to live with this man and urged him mother to let him stay with his uncle Khairullah Tulfah.

Education of Saddam Hussein

At 18, Saddam graduated and applied for military school. Being a part of military had been Saddam's fascination, but he could not clear the entrance exam.  Saddam then moved to Baghdad and began  high school, but he never like school work.

Political Career of Saddam Hussein

Saddam's uncle, a devoted Arab nationalist, introduced him to the politics world. At that time Iraq was struggling with internal power struggles. One of the communities vying for power was the Baath Party. Saddam's uncle had an  association with the party.

Exile of Saddam Hussein

In 1957, at the age of 20, Saddam became the member of Baath Party. Started as a low profile member, in 1959, he was selected to be a part of an assassination squad. On October 7, 1959, Saddam and group attempted, but could not succeed, to assassinate the prime minister. Wanted by the Iraqi government, Saddam fled. He stayed in exile in Syria for nearly three months and then shifted to Egypt where he lived for three years.

Set Backs in Political Career

In 1963, the Baath Party overturned the government and took over the power which enabled Saddam to come back to Iraq. After coming home he married his cousin, Sajida Tulfah. However, the Baath Party was also overthrown after nine months and Saddam was arrested in 1964 after another coup attempt. He was lodged for 18 months in prison, where he was tortured and finally  escaped in July 1966.

Life of Saddam Hussein After Coming In Power

In the following two years Saddam emerged as an important leader within the Baath Party. In July 1968, Baath Party  came into power and was appointed as vice-president. On July 16, 1979, the president of Iraq stepped down and Saddam officially took the position.

Brutal Governance of Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein ruled Iraq very brutally. He used terror to stay in power. From 1980 to 1988, Saddam headed Iraq in a war against Iran which ended in a deadlock.

During the 1980s, Saddam applied chemical artilleries against Kurds in Iraq. In 1990, Saddam ordered Iraqi soldiers to take the country of Kuwait. The United States defended Kuwait in the Persian Gulf War. On March 19, 2003, America attacked Iraq. Saddam fled to Baghdad.

Death of Saddam Hussein

US forces arrested Saddam Hussein, who was living in a hole in al-Dwar, near Tikrit on December 13, 2003. After a trial, Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death and was executed on December 30, 2006.

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