Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India. John Lockwood Kipling, his father and Alice Macdonald his mother stayed in Bombay. His father taught arts and crafts to the students of Jeejeebhoy School of Art. India was at that time governed by the British. Ruddy, Kipling’s nickname, was taken care by an ayah, who taught him Hindi as his first language.
At the tender age of thirteen Kipling's started writing which was influenced by the pre-Raphaelites. At six his parents took him to England and left for five years at a foster home at Southsea.
In 1878 Kipling enrolled into United Services College which was an expensive institution specializing in training for entry into military academies. He could not pass eyesight and his mediocre scores as a student could not lend him into military. Kipling's bookishness isolated him from the other students.
After returning to Indian in 1882, Kipling served as a journalist in Lahore for Civil and Military Gazette (1882-87). He also took up the liability of assistant editor and an overseas correspondent in Allahabad for Pioneer (1887-89). The stories written by him during these two years in India were collected in The Phantom Rickshaw.
Kilping's short stories gained momentum in the late 1880s in England. He returned to England in 1889, and was appointed as a literary heir to Charles Dickens.
Kipling married the sister of an American writer/publisher, Caroline Starr Balestier, with whom he shared a novel, The Naulahka (1892). Kipling's was not happily married. He was dominated by his wife. During these years Kipling wrote Jungle book (1894), a collection of animal stories for children, The Second Jungle Book (1895).
Kipling refused many accolades, among them the Order of Merit also. In 1902 he shifted to Sussex where he was offered a house by Cecil Rhodes, the British colonial statesman. In 1901 came KIM, which is worldwide considered Kipling's best piece of thought.
After receiving the Nobel Prize, his output of fiction and poems started to decline. In 1923 Kipling offered The Irish Guards in the Great War, the account of his son's regiment. Kipling breathed his last on January 18, 1936 in London. Kipling's autobiography, Something of Myself, came posthumously in 1937.
Readers still love Kipling's romantic stories about the adventures of Englishmen in lonely and distant parts of the world.