Remembrance Day 2014
Remembrance Day Date - November 11
Remembrance Day (Canada) and Veterans Day (US) are celebrated on 11th November. Remembrance Day is identified as Poppy Day and detected on 11th November to evoke the ending of the World War I on that date in 1918. And the day celebrates the forfeit of members of civilians and armed forces at the time of hostilities. In USA, this day is identified as Veterans Day. The poppy was selected as a sign of the Remembrance Day owing to the poppies that bloomed transversely some of the most horrible battlefields of World War I. this day is celebrated the ending of resentments for the Great War (World War I), the signing of resolution, which happened on 11th November 1918 - the 11th hour of 11th day of 11th month. The Armistice Day was detected through Allies as a way of recall those who expired, particularly soldiers with 'no known grave'.
In 1919, on the 1st anniversary of armistice, one minute silence was organized as a part of main remembrance ceremony. In 1920, in London, the remembrance was given additional implication with the come back of remains of an unknown soldier from the battleground of Western Front.
After the ending of World War II in 1945, the British and Australian govt. altered the name to the Remembrance Day as a suitable name for a day which would remember all conflict dead. And in the year of 1997 in October, the Governor-General of Australia, Sir William Deane, made a public statement declaring:
“11 November as Remembrance Day and urging Australians to observe one minute's silence at 11.00 am on Remembrance Day each year to remember the sacrifice of those who died or otherwise suffered in Australia's cause in wars and war-like conflicts.”
The end of the Great War 1918
“In Victoria Street a group of Australian 'boys' accompanied by a band and their girls decorated in red, white and blue, were swinging down towards Whitehall to the huge delight of all spectators... In Whitehall we got blocked, but what did it matter? We danced on the buses, we danced on the lorries, we danced on the pavement, we shouted, we sang... the office boys and girls at the War Office yelled to their companions across the way; we cheered and cheered again and again, while the Church bells rang out a peal of jubilation...
Sir Evelyn Wrench, 'Struggle', 1914-1918 in They saw it happen 1897-1940, compiled by Asa Briggs.”
There is no wonder that Australian soldiers were dancing in the road of London. On 11th November 1918 bloodiest hostilities ended which the world had seen, 'the war to end all wars'. About 5 million, 300,000 Australian young men went to the Great War.
Winter in Somme with more casualties and battles
In November 1916, the Australians came back to Somme, accompanied through 5th Division where they attacked near Flers and Gueudecourt, although the muddy situation meant that the hostility ended on 18 November.
The Somme was pursued through combats at Messiness and Bullecourt, followed through the combat of 3rd conflict of Ypres in which all 5 Australian separations and New Zealand Division fought, where another 76,000 men were wounded or killed. The last phase of 3rd conflict of Ypres, Passchendaele, was one of World War I's bloodiest fights, occupying as a minimum 300,000 troops from British Empire and in excess of 250,000 German fatalities between 31 July and 6 November 1917.
Approximately 10,000 Australians expired at the Bullecourt in 1917. Charles Bean wrote of the Australian rendezvous at Somme, that men 'are basically turned in there as into some frightening massive mincing machine'. Almost 23,000 men expired at Somme.
Lastly, at 11 am on 11 November 1918 the guns of Western Front fell silent after four years of constant warfare.
An army of volunteers, mates and diggers
There were 2 referendums on recruitment: in October 1916 and December 1917. Though the 'no' ballot to recruitment was victorious on both events, the 'no' succeed were narrow ones. And the 1916 >referendum traced a 64,549 majority for 'no' and 1917 referendum traced succeed for 'no' case of 149,795. Even as 'No' vote intently prevailed; the inhabitants remained resentfully divided over the concern.
Charles Bean wrote of Australian diggers concerning their position as volunteers;
“... He accepted the rigid army methods as conditions temporarily necessary, he never became reconciled to continuous obedience to orders, existence by rule, and lack of privacy. His individualism had been so strongly implanted as to stand out after years of subordination. Even on the Western Front he had exercised his vote in the Australian elections and in the referendums as to conscription, and it was largely through his own act in these ballots that the Australian people had rejected conscription and that, to the end, the A.I.F. consisted entirely of volunteers.”
'The Australian Imperial Force in France During the Allied Offensive, 1918' reprinted in The Australian: Yarns, Ballads, Legends, Traditions of the Australian People, edited by Bill Wannan, Australasian Book Society, Melbourne, 1958, pp. 31-32.”
In 1993, to stain the 75th anniversary of 1918 armistice, the Australian Govt digged up the remains of unknown Australian soldier from the Western Front for committal at Australian War Memorial's Hall of Memory, Canberra. As Australia's anonymous Soldier was placed to rest, World War I veteran Robert Comb, who had provided in combats on the Western Front, sprinkled soil from Pozières, France, over the coffin and stated, 'Now you're home, mate'.
In the year of 2007, the Queen led celebrations in Belgium marking 90 years since the combat of Passchendaele. with Belgium's Queen Paola, the Australian Governor-General and leaders from Canada and New Zealand, the ceremony memorized the 300,000 Allied fatalities at 3rd conflict of Ypres at Passchendaele and the over 100,000 men who expired with no known graves.
2008 marks 90th anniversary of Australian assault at Villers-Bretonneux. On the night of 24 April 1918, men of Australian Imperial Force (AIF) attacked German forces that had detained the French town of Villers-Bretonneux earlier that day. And the action was victorious, but the hostility was ferocious, and several lives were lost on both sides.
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