Polanie, which is the alternative name of the Polish culture, is derived from the name of Slavonic tribe close to Poznan, during 10th century. The word means residents or people of the field, grazing land, or plain. The culture of Poland is strongly associated with its complex 1000 years of history. The unique character of the Polish culture developed after the convergence of Western and Eastern Europe.
The Polish culture is deeply influenced by its mingling attachment with the Germanic, Latinate and Byzantine people and frequent conversation with other cultural groups and minority groups residing in Poland. During 19th and 20th centuries the people of Poland focused on cultural advancement more than political and economic activity. These issues have added more value to the versatile nature of Polish culture, though it has some composite nuances.
The main ingredients of a Polish diet are meat, bread, and potatoes. Polish dinners are usually served with meat and mostly pork. Bread is treated with veneration. In past times, if Polish people find a piece of bread on the ground they used to pick it up with respect, kiss it and make a sign of a cross. A Polish citizen consumes three-hundred pounds of potatoes per year.
Local crops like beets, carrots, cabbage and legumes are used more in food preparation. Polish people also love milk products such as sour milk, sour cream, buttermilk, whey, cheese, and butter.
The first breakfast of Polish people consists of eggs, meat, bread, cheese, and cold cuts. They usually take the second breakfast in between 9 to 11 o’ clock in the morning. The second breakfast has similarity with and American bag lunch. They have dinner, the main meal of the day, in between 1 to 5 in the afternoon. The dinner provides 40 to 45 percent of the total calorie needed for the day. A large bowl of soup, a main course, and dessert is served for the main meal. A light supper is served between 6 to 8 o’clock in the evening. The last meal of the day may include cold fresh water fish, aspic dishes, and cooked vegetable salads with the breakfast menu. Pancakes or rice baked with apples or other fruits are served as sweet dish. Polish people have tea or coffee after the meals.
The traditional clothing of Polish women is red vests and skirts with golden trim, and the sleeves of their blouses are tied tightly with red ribbon. White lace aprons gives completeness to the outfits. The men usually wear a colorful vest tied with a sash. The hat of the folk costume of Poland is lined with braids and adorned with embroidery. The embroidery can be seen on the back of the vest too.
The folk costume of men is ornamented with a range of trims and embroidery. Often they wear a long coat paired with high leather boots and a hat with flowers on the top.
About 95% of Poland population is following Roman Catholic religion. Out of this population around 75% are visit churches regularly. Remaining 5% includes people of Eastern Orthodox, Protestants and other Christian religions.
Polish people celebrate the Feast of the Purification on 2nd February every year. The prophet blesses the gromnica, the candle used to defend against lightning, illness, and bad luck.
In rural areas of Poland, religious rituals are linked with farming practices and bringing good fortune to the family. While cleaning house during preparation for Christmas, they used to leave a corner unswept for fear that some happiness is thrown out. Another rural custom is to spray water on the ground to get a plentiful harvest.
The following are some of the events celebrated by the people of Poland with joy and enthusiasm.