Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded annually since 1901 to an author/writer from any country for their contribution “to the most outstanding work in an ideal direction in the field of literature” in the words of Alfred Nobel. The Swedish Academy gives away Nobel Literature award in the field Chemistry, Physics, Nobel Peace Prize, Medicine or Physiology announcing the chosen laureate’s name in early October.
The Swedish Academy has been criticized in recent years on the grounds of not honoring well-known writers or for even not nominating them in the Nobel Literature list. Some critics contended that those who have been awarded didn’t deserve to be. Controversies were also on a high stating that those awarded had alleged political interests relating to the nomination process.
Members of the Swedish Academy, members of literature academics and societies, former Nobel literature laureates and the writer’s organizations nominate a candidate each year for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Besides winning a gold medal, Nobel diploma, and prize money of nearly 1,356,610 USD, the recipient is also invited to give a lecture during “Nobel Week” in Stockholm. Seamus Heaney of Ireland is a Nobel Laureate “for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past” in 1995. George Bernard Shaw, also from Ireland, won the award “for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty” in 1925.