Nobel Prize Winners in UK

Year Name Rational
2013Peter HiggsFor the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider
2003Anthony James Leggett
1977Nevill Francis Mott
1974Martin RyleFor their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars
Antony Hewish
1973Brian David JosephsonFor his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effect
1971Dennis GaborFor his invention and development of the holographic method
1954Max BornFor his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction
1951John Douglas CockcroftFor their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles
1950Cecil Frank PowellFor his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method
1948Patrick Maynard Stuart BlackettFor his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation
1947Edward Victor AppletonFor his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer
1937George Paget Thomson
1935James ChadwickFor the discovery of the neutron
1933Paul Dirac
1928Owen Willans RichardsonFor his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him
1927Charles Thomson Rees WilsonFor his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour
1917Charles Glover BarklaFor his discovery of the characteristic R?ntgen radiation of the elements, another important step in the development of X-ray spectroscopy
1915William Henry BraggFor their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays, an important step in the development of X-ray crystallography
William Lawrence Bragg
1906Joseph John ThomsonFor his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases
1904John William StruttFor his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies

Chemistry Nobel Prize Winners in UK

Year Name Rational
2013Michael LevittFor the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
1998John A. PopleFor his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry
1997John E. Walker
1996Sir Harold W. Kroto
1982Aaron KlugFor his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes
1980Frederick Sanger
1978Peter D. MitchellFor his contribution to the understanding of biological energy transfer through the formulation of the chemiosmotic theory
1973Geoffrey Wilkinson
1969Derek H. R. BartonFor their contributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry
1967Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
George Porter
1964Dorothy Crowfoot HodgkinFor her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances
1962Max Ferdinand PerutzFor their studies of the structures of globular proteins
John Cowdery Kendrew
1958Frederick SangerFor his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin
1957Lord (Alexander R.) ToddFor his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co-enzymes
1956Sir Cyril Norman HinshelwoodFor their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions
1952Archer John Porter MartinFor their invention of partition chromatography
Richard Laurence Millington Synge
1947Sir Robert RobinsonFor his investigations on plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids
1937Walter Norman HaworthFor his investigations on carbohydrates and vitamin C
1929Arthur HardenFor their investigations on the fermentation of sugar and fermentative enzymes
1922Francis William AstonFor his discovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole-number rule
1921Frederick SoddyFor his contributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes
1908Ernest RutherfordFor his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances
1904Sir William RamsayFor his discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system

Economics Nobel Prize Winners in UK

Year Name Rational
2015Angus DeatonFor his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare
2003Clive GrangerFor methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)
1996James MirrleesFor their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information
1991Ronald CoaseFor his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy
1984Richard StoneFor having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis
1977James Meade
1974Friedrich Hayek
1972John HicksFor their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory.

Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize Winners in UK

Year Name Rational
2014John O'KeefeFor their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain
2012Sir John B. GurdonFor the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent
2010Robert G. EdwardsFor the development of in vitro fertilization
2007Sir Martin J. Evans
2003Sir Peter Mansfield
2002Sydney BrennerFor their discoveries concerning 'genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'
John E. Sulston
2001Tim Hunt
Sir Paul M. Nurse
1993Richard J. RobertsFor their discoveries of split genes
1988Sir James W. BlackFor their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment
1982John R. Vane
1979Godfrey N. Hounsfield
1973Nikolaas Tinbergen
1972Rodney R. Porter
1970Sir Bernard Katz
1963Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Andrew Fielding Huxley
1962Francis Harry Compton CrickFor their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material
1960Peter Brian Medawar
1953Hans Adolf KrebsFor his discovery of the citric acid cycle
1945Sir Alexander FlemingFor the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases
Ernst Boris Chain
1936Sir Henry Hallett DaleFor their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses
1932Sir Charles Scott SherringtonFor their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons
Edgar Douglas Adrian
1929Sir Frederick Gowland HopkinsFor his discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins
1922Archibald Vivian HillFor his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle
1902Ronald RossFor his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it

Peace Nobel Prize Winners in UK

Year Name Rational
1998John HumeFor their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland
David Trimble
1995Joseph RotblatFor their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms
1977Amnesty InternationalFor protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience
1976Betty WilliamsFounders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
Mairead Corrigan
1959Philip J. Noel-BakerMember of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation
1949The Lord Boyd-OrrPhysician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations
1947Friends Service CouncilCompassion for others and the desire to help them
1937Robert CecilFor his work with the League of Nations
1934Arthur HendersonFor his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament
1933Norman AngellFor authoring The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist and educator for peace in general"
1925Austen ChamberlainFor work on the Locarno Treaties
1903William Randal CremerFor his role as the the 'first father' of the Inter-Parliamentary Union

Literature Nobel Prize Winners in UK

Year Name Language Rational
2007Doris LessingEnglishThat epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny
2005Harold PinterEnglishWho in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms
2001V. S. NaipaulEnglishFor having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories
1995Seamus HeaneyEnglishFor works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past
1983William GoldingEnglishFor his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today
1953Winston ChurchillEnglishFor his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values
1950Bertrand RussellEnglishIn recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought
1948T. S. EliotEnglishFor his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry
1932John GalsworthyEnglishFor his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga
1907Rudyard KiplingEnglishIn consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author