Nobel Prize Winners in Switzerland

Year Name Rational
1987Karl Alexander M?ller
1986Heinrich Rohrer
1920Charles edouard GuillaumeFor the service he has rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel-steel alloys

Chemistry Nobel Prize Winners in Switzerland

Year Name Rational
2002Kurt W?thrichFor the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules & for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution
1991Richard R. ErnstFor his contributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
1975Vladimir Prelog
1937Paul KarrerFor his investigations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2
1913Alfred WernerFor his work on the linkage of atoms in molecules & especially in inorganic chemistry

Economics Nobel Prize Winners in Switzerland

Year Name Rational

Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize Winners in Switzerland

Year Name Rational
1996Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1992Edmond H. FischerFor their discoveries concerning reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism
1978Werner ArberFor the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics
1950Tadeusz Reichstein
1949Walter Rudolf HessFor his discovery of the functional organization of the interbrain as a coordinator of the activities of the internal organs
1948Paul Hermann M?llerFor his discovery of the high efficiency of DDT as a contact poison against several arthropods
1909Emil Theodor KocherFor his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland

Peace Nobel Prize Winners in Switzerland

Year Name Rational
1999Medecins Sans Fronti?resIn recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents
1997International Campaign to Ban LandminesFor their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines
1963International Committee of the Red Cross
League of Red Cross Societies
1954United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesAn international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 95
1944International Committee of the Red CrossFor the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity
1938Nansen International Office for RefugeesFor its work in aiding refugees
1917International Committee of the Red CrossFor undertaking the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides of World War I, including their right to establish contacts with their families
1910Permanent International Peace BureauFor acting as a link between the peace societies of the various countries
1902elie DucommunFor his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau
Charles Albert GobatFor his role as the first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
1901Henry DunantFor his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross

Literature Nobel Prize Winners in Switzerland

Year Name Language Rational
1946Hermann HesseGermanFor his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style
1919Carl SpittelerGermanIn special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring