Nobel Prize Winners in Japan

Year Name Rational
2015Takaaki KajitaFor the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass
2014Shuji NakamuraFor the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources
Hiroshi AmanoFor the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources
Isamu AkasakiFor the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources
2008Makoto KobayashiFor the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature
Toshihide Maskawa
2002Masatoshi Koshiba
1973Leo EsakiFor their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively
1965Sin-Itiro Tomonaga
1949Hideki YukawaFor his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces

Chemistry Nobel Prize Winners in Japan

Year Name Rational
2010Akira Suzuki
2008Osamu ShimomuraFor the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
2002Koichi Tanaka
2001Ry?ji Noyori
2000Hideki Shirakawa
1981Kenichi FukuiFor their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions

Economics Nobel Prize Winners in Japan

Year Name Rational
NA NA NA

Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize Winners in Japan

Year Name Rational
2015Satoshi OmuraFor their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites
2012Shinya YamanakaFor the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent
1987Susumu TonegawaFor his discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity

Peace Nobel Prize Winners in Japan

Year Name Rational
1974Eisaku SatPrime Minister of Japan, "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"

Literature Nobel Prize Winners in Japan

Year Name Language Rational
1994Kenzabur? ?eJapaneseWho with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today
1968Kawabata YasunariJapaneseFor his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind