Nobel Prize Winners in Italy

Year Name Rational
1984Carlo RubbiaFor their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction
1959Emilio Gino Segr
1938Enrico FermiFor his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons
1909Guglielmo MarconiFor their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy

Chemistry Nobel Prize Winners in Italy

Year Name Rational
1963Giulio Natta

Economics Nobel Prize Winners in Italy

Year Name Rational
1985Franco ModiglianiFor his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets

Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize Winners in Italy

Year Name Rational
1986Rita Levi-Montalcini
1975Renato Dulbecco
1957Daniel BovetFor his discoveries relating to synthetic compounds that inhibit the action of certain body substances, and especially their action on the vascular system and the skeletal muscles
1906Camillo GolgiIn recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system

Peace Nobel Prize Winners in Italy

Year Name Rational
1907Ernesto Teodoro MonetaFor his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement

Literature Nobel Prize Winners in Italy

Year Name Language Rational
1997Dario FoItalianWho emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden
1975Eugenio MontaleItalianFor his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions
1959Salvatore QuasimodoItalianFor his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times
1934Luigi PirandelloItalianFor his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art
1926Grazia DeleddaItalianFor her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general
1906Giosu? CarducciItalianNot only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces