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Nobel Prize Winners in France

Year Name Rational
2012Serge HarocheFor ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring & manipulation of individual quantum systems
2007Albert FertFor the discovery of giant magnetoresistance
1997Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
1992Georges CharpakFor his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber
1991Pierre-Gilles de GennesFor discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers
1970Louis NeelFor fundamental work and discoveries concerning antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications in solid state physics
1966Alfred KastlerFor the discovery and development of optical methods for studying hertzian resonances in atoms
1929Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de BroglieFor his discovery of the wave nature of electrons
1926Jean Baptiste PerrinFor his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium
1908Gabriel LippmannFor his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference
1903Antoine Henri BecquerelFor his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity
Pierre CurieFor their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor henri Becquerel

Chemistry Nobel Prize Winners in France

Year Name Rational
2005Yves ChauvinFor the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
1987Jean-Marie Lehn
1935Frederic JoliotFor their synthesis of new radioactive elements
Irene Joliot-Curie
1912Victor GrignardFor the discovery of the & Grignard reagent
Paul SabatierFor his method of hydrogenating organic compounds in the presence of finely disintegrated metals
1906Henri MoissanFor his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for the electric furnace called after him

Economics Nobel Prize Winners in France

Year Name Rational
1988Maurice AllaisFor his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources
1983Gerard DebreuFor having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium

Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize Winners in France

Year Name Rational
2011Jules A. Hoffmann
2008Fran?oise Barre-SinoussiFor their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus
Luc Montagnier
1980Jean Dausset
1965Fran?ois JacobFor their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis
Andre Lwoff
Jacques Monod
1928Charles Jules Henri NicolleFor his work on typhus
1913Charles RichetFor his work on anaphylaxis
1912Alexis CarrelFor his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs
1907Charles Louis Alphonse LaveranIn recognition of his work on the role played by protozoa in causing diseases

Peace Nobel Prize Winners in France

Year Name Rational
1968Rene CassinPresident of the European Court for Human Rights
1952Albert SchweitzerMissionary surgeon; Founder of Lambarene (Republique de Gabon)
1951Leon JouhauxPresident of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations
1927Ferdinand BuissonFor contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation
1926Aristide BriandFor work on the Locarno Treaties
1920Leon BourgeoisFor his participation in both the Hague Conferences of 899 and 97 and for his work towards "what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father'"
1909Paul Henri d'Estournelles de ConstantFor combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration
1907Louis RenaultFor his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague
1901Frederic PassyFor being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress

Literature Nobel Prize Winners in France

Year Name Language Rational
2008J. M. G. Le ClezioFrenchAuthor of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization
2000Gao XingjianChineseFor an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama
1985Claude SimonFrenchWho in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition
1964Jean-Paul SartreFrenchFor his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age
1960Saint-John PerseFrenchFor the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time
1957Albert CamusFrenchFor his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times
1952Fran?ois MauriacFrenchFor the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life
1947Andre GideFrenchFor his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight
1937Roger Martin du GardFrenchFor the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault
1927Henri BergsonFrenchIn recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented
1921Anatole FranceFrenchIn recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament
1915Romain RollandFrenchAs a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings
1904Frederic MistralOccitanIn recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Proven?al philologist
1901Sully PrudhommeFrenchIn special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect]