Nobel Prize Winners 2008

2008 Nobel Prize Winners in Physics

Year Name Rational
Makoto KobayashiJapanFor the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature
Toshihide MaskawaJapan
Yoichiro NambuUSAFor the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics

2008 Nobel Prize Winners in Chemistry

Name Country Rational
Osamu ShimomuraJapanFor the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
Martin ChalfieUSA
Roger Y. TsienUSA

2008 Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

Name Country Rational
Paul KrugmanUSAFor his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity

2008 Nobel Prize Winners in Physiology or Medicine

Name Country Rational
Harald zur HausenGermanyFor his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer
Fran?oise Barre-SinoussiFranceFor their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus
Luc MontagnierFrance

2008 Nobel Prize Winners in Peace

Name Country Rational
Martti AhtisaariFinlandFor his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts

2008 Nobel Prize Winners in Literature

Name Country Language Rational
J. M. G. Le ClezioFranceFrenchAuthor of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization