Nobel Prize Winners 1998

1998 Nobel Prize Winners in Physics

Year Name Rational
Robert B. LaughlinUSAFor their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations
Horst Ludwig St?rmerGermany
Daniel Chee TsuiUSA

1998 Nobel Prize Winners in Chemistry

Name Country Rational
Walter KohnUSAFor his development of the density-functional theory
John A. PopleUKFor his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry

1998 Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

Name Country Rational
Amartya SenIndiaFor his contributions to welfare economics

1998 Nobel Prize Winners in Physiology or Medicine

Name Country Rational
Robert F. FurchgottUSAFor their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system
Louis J. IgnarroUSA
Ferid MuradUSA

1998 Nobel Prize Winners in Peace

Name Country Rational
John HumeUKFor their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland
David TrimbleUK

1998 Nobel Prize Winners in Literature

Name Country Language Rational
Jose SaramagoPortugalPortugueseWho with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality