Nobel Prize Winners 1991

1991 Nobel Prize Winners in Physics

Year Name Rational
Pierre-Gilles de GennesFranceFor discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers

1991 Nobel Prize Winners in Chemistry

Name Country Rational
Richard R. ErnstSwitzerlandFor his contributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

1991 Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

Name Country Rational
Ronald CoaseUKFor his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy

1991 Nobel Prize Winners in Physiology or Medicine

Name Country Rational
Erwin NeherGermanyFor their discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells
Bert SakmannGermany

1991 Nobel Prize Winners in Peace

Name Country Rational
Aung San Suu KyiMyanmarFor her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights

1991 Nobel Prize Winners in Literature

Name Country Language Rational
Nadine GordimerSouth AfricaEnglishWho through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity