Nobel Prize Winners 1973

1973 Nobel Prize Winners in Physics

Year Name Rational
Leo EsakiJapanFor their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively
Ivar GiaeverNorway/USA
Brian David JosephsonUKFor his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effect

1973 Nobel Prize Winners in Chemistry

Name Country Rational
Ernst Otto FischerGermanyFor their pioneering work, performed independently, on the chemistry of the organometallic, so called sandwich compounds
Geoffrey WilkinsonUK

1973 Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

Name Country Rational
Wassily LeontiefUSAFor the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems

1973 Nobel Prize Winners in Physiology or Medicine

Name Country Rational
Karl von FrischGermanyFor their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behaviour patterns
Konrad LorenzAustria
Nikolaas TinbergenUK

1973 Nobel Prize Winners in Peace

Name Country Rational
Henry KissingerUSAFor the 973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces
Le Duc ThoVietnam

1973 Nobel Prize Winners in Literature

Name Country Language Rational
Patrick WhiteAustraliaEnglishFor an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature