Born on 31st July, 1880, Munshi Premchand was one of the greatest modern Hindi and Urdu poets, novelists that India has ever produced. In a short span of fifty six years, he is credited to have written innumerable poems, plays, short stories and novels that are still remembered and appreciated by the Indian audience.
Munshi Premchand was one of the greatest novelists of the twentieth century. The Indian independence movement largely influenced his writings. Through his writings, he urged all Indians to fight the British Raj. As a result, copies of “Soz-e-Watan”, his collection of short stories were burnt by a British officer. At that time, he was writing under the pen name of “Nawabraj”. After this incident, he adopted the pseudo name of Munshi Premchand.
Premchand has written more than 300 stories and novels. Some of his famous novels are:
Some of his famous short stories are:
Unfortunately, this great writer has never been bestowed with any awards. At a time when literature consisted of fantasy stories of kings and queens, Munshi Premchand ushered realism into Indian writing. He was deeply touched by what was happening around him and therefore wrote extensively about the evils of Indian society of that time like dowry, poverty, corruption and colonialism. He earned a place for himself in the hearts of his readers as he wrote about the common masses, especially the poor and downtrodden.