Munshi Premchand Biography

Munshi Premchand Biography

Born on 31st July, 1880, Munshi Premchand was one of the greatest modern Hindi and Urdu poets, novelists that India has ever produced. In a short span of fifty six years, he is credited to have written innumerable poems, plays, short stories and novels that are still remembered and appreciated by the Indian audience. 

Biography

  • Munshi Premchand was born in Varanasi. He was named was Dhanpat Rai  given by his parents.  He lost his parents at a very young age.
  • He was only fifteen years old when his father died and he was the sole bread earner of his family. Thereafter he was forced to give up his studies and take up a job as a Hindi teacher in a primary school. From here he went on to become the Deputy inspector of Schools.
  • Mahatma Gandhi played a very important role behind his writing. When Gandhiji gave the call for Non-Cooperation, Munshi Premchand gave up his job and started writing on a full-fledged basis.
  • It was then that he started writing for an Urdu magazine called “Zamana” which had its presence in Kanpur.
  • He went on to be recognized as a popular writer when he wrote a collection of Urdu short stories called Soz-e-Vatan.

Career

Munshi Premchand was one of the greatest novelists of the twentieth century. The Indian independence movement largely influenced his writings. Through his writings, he urged all Indians to fight the British Raj. As a result, copies of “Soz-e-Watan”, his collection of short stories were burnt by a British officer. At that time, he was writing under the pen name of “Nawabraj”. After this incident, he adopted the pseudo name of Munshi Premchand.

Premchand has written more than 300 stories and novels. Some of his famous novels are:

  • Godaan
  • Shatranj Ke Khiladi
  • Seva Sadan
  • Gaban
  • Poos ki raat
  • Idgah

Some of his famous short stories are:

  • Bade Ghar ki Beti
  • Atmaram
  • Udhar ki Ghadi

Achievements

Unfortunately, this great writer has never been bestowed with any awards. At a time when literature consisted of fantasy stories of kings and queens, Munshi Premchand ushered realism into Indian writing. He was deeply touched by what was happening around him and therefore  wrote extensively about the evils of Indian society of that time like dowry, poverty, corruption and colonialism. He earned a place for himself in the hearts of his readers as he wrote about the common masses, especially the poor and downtrodden.


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