Melanoma Monday 2014
Melanoma Monday” is observed on the first Monday of May and it is also termed as May Melanoma Skin Cancer Month where specific activities are conducted on national and local level. This day is also known as National Skin Self-Examination Day. People are advised and encouraged to undergo the examination of their skin for skin cancer.
Melanoma is a malicious tumor of melanocytes which are witnessed predominantly in skin and often are in the eye and bowel. It is one of the rare types of skin cancer but causes the majority (75%) of deaths pertaining to skin cancer. Melanocytes are generally present in skin, being responsible for the production of the dark pigment melanin. Despite many years of intensive laboratory and clinical research, the greatest chance of cure is in the early surgical resection of thin tumors.
How it is Observed
Melanoma Monday stresses melanoma prevention and early detection. It was established by the American Academy of Dermatology and is supported by cancer fighting organizations including The Skin Cancer Foundation, the American Cancer Society, the Melanoma International Foundation, and the Billy Foundation. Myriads of free skin cancer examinations are offered across the country in the month of May, many on Melanoma Monday.
Melanoma is easily diagnosable and curable in its early phase. It is suggested to make a habit of periodically going through check up of whole body for any signs of melanoma.
Statistics about Melanoma
Around 60,000 new cases of malicious melanoma are detected in the US every year, mostly in males and in Caucasians. It is generally found in Caucasian populations living in hot and sunny climates compared to other groups. If a WHO report is to be believed nearly 48,000 deaths are registered pertaining to melanoma per year.
Symptoms of Melanoma
Early symptoms of melanoma are alterations to the shape or color of existing moles. The mole may ulcerate, itch or often bleed. Metastatic melanoma may display general symptoms i.e. loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea, and fatigue.
Cause of Melanoma
Familial melanoma is genetically heterogeneous, and loci for familial melanoma have been observed on the chromosome arms. Today, melanomas are detected only after they become conspicuous on the skin.
In the future, however, physicians will probably be able to detect melanomas depending upon a patient’s genotype, not simply his or her phenotype. A number of rare disorders which often run in families are considered to increase one’s possibility to develop melanoma. People with mutations in the MC1R gene are two to four times more prone to unearth melanoma than those with two wild-type copies of the gene.
To detect melanomas, it is advisable to learn what they look like to be aware of moles and scan for changes (shape, size, color, bleeding or itching) and to show any suspicious moles to a physician knowledgeable about skin malignancy.
A popular method for keeping track of the signs and symptoms of melanoma is the mnemonic “ABCDE”:
- Asymmetrical skin lesion
- Border of the lesion is not regular
- Color - melanomas generally have several colors
- Diameter - moles larger than 6 mm are more prone to be melanomas than moles of lesser mm
- Enlarging- Enlarging or evolving
People with a family medical background of skin cancer or of dysplastic nevus syndrome (multiple atypical moles) must visit a dermatologist minimum once a year to ensure they are not developing melanoma.
Treatments of Melanoma
The treatment of melanoma may involve surgical procedure to remove the tumor, adjuvant therapy, chemo- and immunotherapy, or radiation therapy.
Excisional Skin Biopsy
Excisional skin biopsy is the surgical removal of lesion with an adequate ellipse of surrounding skin and cells. The preferred surgical margin for the first hand biopsy should be narrow to prevent the obstruction of the local lymphatic drainage. The biopsy will encompass the dermal, epidermal, and subcutaneous layers of the skin, allowing the histopathologist to ascertain the thickness of the melanoma by microscopic scanning.
Small Pinch Biopsy
Nevertheless, for greater lesions i.e. suspected lentigo maligna, or for lesions in surgically odd areas (face, fingers, toes, eyelids, lips), a small punch biopsy can give proper information and will not hinder the final staging or depth analysis.
In no circumstances should the initial biopsy encompass the last surgical margin (0.5 cm, 1.0 cm, or 2 cm), as a misdiagnosis can lead to excessive scarring and morbidity from the process. Large initial excision will hinder the local lymphatic secretion and can affect further lymphangiogram directed lymphnode dissection. A small punch biopsy can be facilitated at any time wherein, for logistical and personal reasons a patient doesn’t want more invasive excisional biopsy. Small punch biopsies are least invasive and heal fast, generally without leaving any prominent scars.
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Therapy
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) therapy is often facilitated to detect metastases, although many individuals with metastases (even last-stage) have a normal LDH; extremely high LDH often signals metastatic dissemination of the disease to the liver. It is general for patients to detected with melanoma to have chest X-rays and an LDH test, and in some occasions MRI, CT, PET and/or CT/PET scans.
Events in May
- Mother Goose Day 2014
- May Day in India 2014
- National Truffle Day 2014
- Scurvy Awareness Day 2014
- Lumpy Rug Day 2014
- Free Comic Book Day 2014
- Join Hands Day 2014
- National Candied Orange Peel Day 2014
- Star Wars Day 2014
- Cinco De Mayo 2014
- Melanoma Monday 2014
- Oyster Day 2014
- Teacher Appreciation Day 2014
- National Tourist Appreciation Day 2014
- No Diet Day 2014
- National Coconut Cream Pie Day 2014
- National Butterscotch Brownie Day 2014
- National Lost Sock Memorial Day 2014
- National Train Day 2014
- National Shrimp Day 2014
- Twilight Zone Day 2014
- Mothers Day 2014
- National Technology Day 2014
- National Limerick Day 2014
- National Cucumber Day 2014
- National Leprechaun Day 2014
- Frog Jumping Day 2014
- Armed Forces Day 2014
- Victoria Day 2014
- Australia's Biggest Morning Tea 2014
- Lucky Penny Day 2014
- Atlanta Carnival 2014
- National Escargot Day 2014
- National Tap Dance Day 2014
- National Wine Day 2014
- Sally Ride Day 2014
- National Blueberry Cheesecake Day 2014
- Memorial Day 2014
- National Sorry Day 2014
- National Grape Popsicle Day 2014
- Ascension Day 2014
- Orlando Carnival 2015
- 02World Farm Animal Day 2014
- 03Yom Kippur 2014
- 03World Smile Day 2014
- 04UN World Space Week 2014
- 04World Animal Day 2014
- 04Eid-al-Adha 2014
- 04National Golfers Day 2014
- 05World Teachers Day 2014
- 06New South Wales Labor Day 2014
- 06Australian Capital Territory Labor Day 2014
- 06South Australia Labor Day 2014
- 06World Architecture Day 2014