Mayan Culture

Maya civilization is well-known for completely improved written language of the pre-Columbian Americas. The Mesoamerican civilization is also famous for its art, architecture, and numerical and astronomical systems. As per the Mesoamerican chronology, Maya cities were established at some point in Pre-Classic period i.e.c.2000 BC to 250 AD.  They achieved the highest level of development during c.250 AD to 900 AD i.e. the classic period. The development process also continued all over the Post-Classic period until the influx of the Spanish.

Though advances like writing, epigraphy, and the calendar had not the origin with the Maya civilization, Mayans completely developed them. Because of cultural exchanges with outsiders such as Honduras, Guatemala, Northern El Salvador and central Mexico, Mayan culture has also been influenced by them.

Geographically the Mayan culture has been spread throughout the northern Central American region including Guatemala, Belize, Northern El Salvador and western Honduras, the modern southern Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and the Yucatán Peninsula states of Quintana Roo, Campeche and Yucatán.


The main ingredients of Mayan food are corn, beans, and squash. Since ancient times these basic diet has remained consistent. Modern Mayans have included European foods such as rice, wheat, chicken, and pigs,which were unknown for Mayans.

Mayans prepared corn in a special way to extract the highest dietary value. They soak the kernels and then take them away from the cob. The kernels then soaked in a solution of water and lime, thus separating the casings from each kernel. By doing so, the Mayans could expose amino acids and other nutrients found in corn. Then they ground up the corn and prepare tortillas, an item like a flat, dry pancake.


Traditional clothing of Mayan men is a cotton breechcloth enfolded around the middle, with occasionally a sleeveless shirt. Sometime the shirt was white or dyed in different colors. Mayan women use to wear traje, a mixture of a woven, colorful blouse known as huipil or a corte, a woven curly skirt that reaches till the ankles, and is held jointly by faja i.e sash at the waist.

Both men and women were using sandals. Sometimes they were Tattooing and flattering the head. They used to paint their face and body. Mayan clothes were some sorts of ornamentation and the most wonderful clothing was for the prophet.


Mayan rituals and ceremonies are closely linked with celestial and terrestrial cycles. Mayan people had observed it and written it as separate calendars. The Mayan priests were interpreting these cycles and they used to provide his viewpoint on the future or past depending on the number relations of all their calendars. They were also observing that whether the heavens were encouraging to perform certain religious rituals.

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