Martin Luther King Jr. Biography

Martin Luther King Jr. Biography

Martin Luther King Jr. was a popular and well known leader in the American civil rights movement. He was also an African American clergyman. Martin Luther King Jr. devoted his time in working for the civil rights of black people. Martin also organized several campaigns and protest in order to abolish the segregation of people based on race. Martin Luther King Jr. is fondly referred to as the human rights icon.

Born: January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Assassinated: April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Spouse: Coretta Scott King (m. 1953–1968)
Children: Dexter Scott King, Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Bernice King
Parents: Alberta Williams King, Martin Luther King, Sr.

Birth Details and Personal Biography

Martin Luther King was born on January 15th, 1929 in Atlanta Georgia. Martin Luther’s father was the Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. He was the Pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. Martin Jr. did his early schooling from Booker T Washington High School in Atlanta. He entered Morehouse College at the age of 15 where he earned his Bachelor’s Degree. Luther Jr. later went to Boston University and obtained his Doctorate in Philosophy in 1955.

In 1953 Martin got married to Coretta Scott on 18th June. The couple had four children.

Career :

In December 1955, Martin Luther Jr. led Montgomery bus boycott against racial discrimination in public transport. During the movement he got threats leading to his arrest. This movement lasted 385 days and was a success making Martin Luther Jr. prominent civil rights leader. In 1957, Martin Luther King assumed the role of president of Southern Christian Leadership Conference. His meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in India made his belief in Non-violence stronger.  In 1959 he became co-pastor of his father’s church. In the following years Martin Luther started organising protests, march-pasts and campaigns against racial discrimination. The famous campaigns being Birmingham campaign in 1963, Florida campaign in 1964 and Alabama campaign in 1965. During the period 1957 and 1968 made more than 2500 public appearance to speak and protest against injustice towards black people. Washington March in 1963 was immensely successful and provided much needed justice. Martin Luther King also travelled to Chicago to spread the message in North once successful in South. King condemned US involvement in Vietnam War and also organised poor people’s campaign. Martin Luther Jr was assassinated on April 4, 1968. He was shot dead as he was standing in his motel’s balcony.  

Awards & Achievements

To name a few, Martin Luther King Jr was awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. In 1957, he was awarded Spingarn Medal from NAACP. He was also named Man of the year by times magazine in 1963. In 1964 he was awarded John F Kennedy award and Rosa L Parks awards in 1968.

Quotes:

“A man can't ride your back unless it's bent.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“A man who won't die for something is not fit to live.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“A riot is the language of the unheard.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Almost always, the creative dedicated minority has made the world better.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Faith is taking the first step even when you don't see the whole staircase.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Human salvation lies in the hands of the creatively maladjusted.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“I just want to do God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I've looked over, and I've seen the Promised Land.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“If a man hasn't discovered something that he will die for, he isn't fit to live.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“In the End, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“It may be true that the law cannot make a man love me, but it can keep him from lynching me, and I think that's pretty important.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Life's most persistent and urgent question is, 'What are you doing for others?'”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Life's most urgent question is: What are you doing for others?”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Love is the only force capable of transforming an enemy into friend.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Never succumb to the temptation of bitterness.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and consciencious stupidity.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Take the first step in faith. You don't have to see the whole staircase, just take the first step.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“That old law about 'an eye for an eye' leaves everybody blind. The time is always right to do the right thing.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically... Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of true education.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“The quality, not the longevity, of one's life is what is important.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“The time is always right to do what is right.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“The ultimate tragedy is not the oppression and cruelty by the bad people but the silence over that by the good people.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“To be a Christian without prayer is no more possible than to be alive without breathing.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“We are not makers of history. We are made by history.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“We must use time creatively.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“Whatever your life's work is, do it well. A man should do his job so well that the living, the dead, and the unborn could do it no better.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.

“When you are right you cannot be too radical; when you are wrong, you cannot be too conservative.”
- Martin Luther King Jr.  

Martin Luther King Day


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