Mao Zedong Biography

Mao Zedong Biography

Mao Zedong was a popular communist leader of China. Mao Zedong showed the way of victory to China against Kuomintang in the civil war. He was the nominated for the first time as chairman of the Communist Party of China. Mao took controls in his hand in order to revive the stagnating economy and culture of China and also contributed his efforts in normalising the relationship of China with the super powers. Mao Zedong is considered to be the most important figure of the Modern World History. He is also portrayed as one of the great revolutionary who has transformed the country into one of the major world power through his strategies and policies.

Born: December 26, 1893, Shaoshan, China
Died: September 9, 1976, Beijing, China
Height: 5' 11" (1.80 m)
Spouse: Jiang Qing (m. 1938–1976), More
Children: Mao Anying, Mao Anqing, Li Min, Li Na, Mao Anhong, Mao Anlong

Birth Details & Personal Biography

Mao Zedong was born on 26th December, 1893. Mao Zedong belonged to an affluent Buddhist family of China. Mao completed his graduation from the First Provincial School of Hunan and moved to Beijing for his further studies. During his stay in Beijing Zedong got married to Yang Kaihui, a fellow student and daughter of Mao’s professor, Yang Changji. While been a part time student in Beijing University, Zedong spent most of his time in reading, when the idea of communism evolved in him.  

Career

Mao Zedong made his first career move in the year 1921 when he first introduced Communism while being in the Peking University. Mao always believed that problems of China could only be solved within China. Mao attended the first session of the National Congress of Communist Party of China in 1921. After this session Mao’s career line was as follows:

  1. In 1923, Zedong was elected as one of the five commissars of Central Committee of the Party.
  2. In 1924, Mao was elected as the Alternate Executive and later in the same year he became the Executive of the Shanghai Branch of Kuomintang.
  3. In 1925, Mao became the Acting Director of Kuomintang.
  4. In 1927, Mao operated the famous Autumn Harvest Uprising in Changsha. He was the commander in Chief of the operation.
  5. In 1931, he helped in establishing the Soviet Public of China and was elected as the Chairman in Jiangxi.
  6. From 1931 to 1934 Mao faced lots of opposition for his various policies and army leadership.
  7. In 1949, Mao’s army took over the possession of power in Chengdu and KMT was completely wiped out from China and with that Mao formed the Public Republic of China.
  8. In 1953, the first five year plan was launched by Mao.
  9. In 1954, Mao became the President of Public Republic of China.
  10. In 1958, the Second Five year plan came into existence with the Great Leap forward.
  11. In 1966, Cultural Revolution took place under the leadership of Mao.
  12. In 1976, Zedong took his last breathe.

Awards & Achievements

Famous works and achievements of Mao included making China stand victorious in the Chinese Civil War and bringing in the Socio Cultural reforms.

Quotes

“Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others are eliminated. Such is history; such is the history of civilization for thousands of years.”
- Mao Zedong

“Let a hundred flowers bloom.”
- Mao Zedong

“I have witnessed the tremendous energy of the masses. On this foundation it is possible to accomplish any task whatsoever.”
- Mao Zedong

“To read too many books is harmful.”
- Mao Zedong

“Long distance running is particularly good training in perseverance.”
- Mao Zedong

“An army without culture is a dull-witted army, and a dull-witted army cannot defeat the enemy.”
- Mao Zedong

“There is great disorder under heaven...the situation is excellent.”
- Mao Zedong

“In 1644, the last Ming emperor ... he hung himself from a tree just over there.”
- Mao Zedong

“You say, away with you Communists; we say, away with you imperialists.”
- Mao Zedong

“Our attitude towards ourselves should be "to be satiable in learning" and towards others "to be tireless in teaching."”
- Mao Zedong

“We speak to no other country as frankly and openly as we do to you,”
- Mao Zedong


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