Joseph Stalin Biography

Joseph Stalin Biography

The first general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s Central Committee, Joseph Stalin is a name to reckon with. He was a very prominent figure in the political arena of Russia. His real name was Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili and was the second leader of Russia. In his closest circles, he was popularly known as Koba, a Georgian folk hero. His name "Stalin" (formed by merging Russian stal, "steel" with "Lenin") continued to be his name after the Russian Revolution. He made more than dozen names for the purpose of secret communications.

Born: December 18, 1878, Gori, Georgia
Died: March 5, 1953, Kuntsevo Dacha
Full name: Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili
Spouse: Nadezhda Alliluyeva (m. 1919–1932), Ekaterina Svanidze (m. 1906–1907)
Children: Vasily Dzhugashvili, Svetlana Alliluyeva, Yakov Dzhugashvili, Artem Sergeev
Parents: Ketevan Geladze, Besarion Jughashvili

Birth Details

Joseph Stalin was born in the year 1878 in Gori, Georgia and his parents were illiterate and peasants. It is believed that Stalin was given harsh beatings by his father in his childhood that resulted vengeful feelings for others exerting power on him. He became a revolutionary. His mother wanted him to become a priest and to pursue this line, he studied Russian Orthodox Christianity till the age of 20.

Personal Biography

When at seminary school, his involvement with socialist movement began and he was expelled from the school later in 1899. In Caucasus, he worked for the political background for almost a decade. He closely empathized with the ideologies of Vladimir Lenin about centralism and tried to follow the same path.
This staunch support made him an indispensable part of Lenin’s Bolshevik party that ultimately led the events of 1917 “October Revolution” to occur.

Achievements

  • After the revolution in October, Stalin built his post as General Secretary secretly into a very powerful position in the party. A triumvirate of Stalin, Kamenev and Zeniviev governed against Trotsky and Bukharin after Lenin passed away. Later Stalin gave his support to Bukharin. Stalin attained supreme power by 1928 thereby exercising control over not only the party but the whole country.
  • In 1940, Joseph Stalin ordered assassination of Trotsky which proved to be an action leading to the final stage of Stalin’s power.
  • Stalin in order to maintain his control on the party and the country continued consolidating his power with the Great Purges against his political and ideological opponents. He meted out a range of punishments to them, like imprisonment in work camps to their assassination.
  • Stalin used to terrorize his opponents on the pretext of uniting the country and constructing “socialism in one country”. 
  • In 1939, Stalin signed a pact with Nazi Germany that resulted in the division of Eastern Europe into two powers. Stalin continued with his genocidal policies after World War II.
  • He is given credit for successful industrialization of the Soviet Union.  
  • Joseph Stalin is also usually credited with demolishing the conception of communal socialism (communism) and with "stealing the revolution".
  • Joseph Stalin died on March 5, 1953 and is still remembered today for his ruthless control over the country.

Quotes

“It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Death solves all problems - no man, no problem.”
- Joseph Stalin

“When we hang the capitalists they will sell us the rope”
- Joseph Stalin

“Print is the sharpest and the strongest weapon of our party.”
- Joseph Stalin

“A single death is a tragedy, are million deaths is a statistic.”
- Joseph Stalin

“If the opposition disarms, well and good. If it refuses to disarm, we shall disarm it ourselves.”
- Joseph Stalin

“The Pope? How many divisions has he got?”
- Joseph Stalin

“History shows that there are no invincible armies.”
- Joseph Stalin

“In the Soviet army it takes more courage to retreat than advance.”
- Joseph Stalin

“I believe in one thing only, the power of human will.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Education is a weapon whose effects depend on who holds it in his hands and at whom it is aimed.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas.”
- Joseph Stalin

“You cannot make a revolution with silk gloves.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Sincere diplomacy is no more possible than dry water or wooden iron”
- Joseph Stalin

“Gratitude is a sickness suffered by dogs.”
- Joseph Stalin

“The writer is the engineer of the human soul.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Die, but do not retreat.”
- Joseph Stalin

“The death of one man is a tragedy. The death of millions is a statistic.”
- Joseph Stalin

“The people who cast the votes don't decide an election, the people who count the votes do.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Everyone imposes his own system as far as his army can reach.”
- Joseph Stalin

“The only real power comes out of a long rifle.”
- Joseph Stalin

“'The Pope?...how much divisions does he have?”
- Joseph Stalin

“Death is the solution to all problems. No man - no problem.”
- Joseph Stalin

“One death is a tragedy; a million is a statistic.”
- Joseph Stalin

“A sincere diplomat is like dry water or wooden iron.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Gaiety is the most outstanding feature of the Soviet Union.”
- Joseph Stalin

“Ideas are far more powerful than guns. We don't allow our enemies to have guns, why should we allow them to have ideas?”
- Joseph Stalin


Famous People Article Archive