Famous priest and stalwart martyr, John Huss was a theologist. He was a great philosopher, reformer and master and said to have influenced reformation. Jan Hus is his Czech name, which is referred as John Hus or John Huss in English.
Born: 1369, Husinec, Czech Republic
Died: July 6, 1415, Konstanz, Germany
Books: Letters of John Hus
Education: Charles University in Prague (1936), Charles University in Prague (1393)
John Huss was born in the year 1369 in the village of Hussinetz and was Bohemian by birth. He belonged to a peasant family.
John Huss was a Bohemian religious performer and his parents were Czech peasants. Studied at the Prague University and soon became a very popular student making a reputation for scholarship. He completed M.A in 1936 and soon became a lecturer in the year 1938. In 1401, he became dean of the philosophical faculty and rector in 1402 and 1403. In 1401, he became a priest and at the same time he was interested in the writings of English theologian Wiclif. He translated these writings in Bohemian and gave lectures on them.
Wiclif was however charged with heresy and therefore Huss was forbidden to use some of his writings during sermons. In 1415, he was declared martyr by the Prague University.
By attacking the morals of the clergy and papacy from his pulpit, John Huss actively participated in the reform movement.
Although, he was appointed as preacher, he was directed to stop the use of heretical teachings of Wiclif.
John Huss was declared martyr as he went against the directions given to him from higher up and proudly read a document from his pulpit that eulogized Wiclif.
John Huss had an excellent university career. He was extremely talented. After finishing his university studies, he entered the church and rapidly received distinction.
He was ordained priest in 1400 and became a dean in 1401. He became preacher of the Bethlehem in Prague. He was very much influenced by the theological writings and ideas of Wilcif. His followers were known as Hussites. As John continued to preach new ideas he was forced to leave Prague.
To investigate John Huss, three Bishops were appointed. Later he was imprisoned at his castle on the Rhine by the Archbishop of Constance. After trial, John Huss was convicted as heretic in 1415 and was sentenced to burn at the stake. Since he refused to recant, severe punishments were meted out to him. John Huss died on July 6, 1415.
John Huss gained immense popularity as he was a cleric and religious reformer in Czechoslovakia and was staunch supporter of the writings and ideas of Wilcif.
The famous quote and prophesy by John Huss was, “In 100 years, God will raise up a man whose calls for reform cannot be suppressed”.
This prophesies came true when Martin Luther nailed his famous 95 Theses on Contention on the doors of a church at Wittenberg in 1517.