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Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography

Born: November 14, 1889, Allahabad, India
Died: May 27, 1964, New Delhi, India
Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
Children: Indira Gandhi
Parents: Motilal Nehru, Swaruprani Thussu
Books: The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History

Personal biography

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 to Swaroop Rani and Motilal Nehru, a barrister from Allahabad. Nehru was the only son, he had three sisters. He received a degree in Law from Trinity College, Cambridge, started legal practice in1912. He married Kamala Nehru in 1916 . He met Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 when the campaign against Rowlatt Act was launched. He went on to become the leader of the left wing of the Congress under the Mentorship of  Gandhiji, and was later recognized as Gandhi's political heir. Recognized as the architect of modern India, he was nicknamed Chacha Nehru owing to his fondness for children. As a tribute his birthday is celebrated as ‘Children’s Day’ across India .

Career

Jawaharlal Nehru became the first and longest-serving Prime Minister of independent India. Between 1947 until 1964, he founded the Non-Aligned Movement adapting a different dress code -Khadi Kurta and Gandhi cap. Nehru participated in the Non- Cooperation Movement (1920-1922). He was elected as President of the Congress Party.

His active participation led to Nehru’s arrest in 1942 during the Quit India Movement. Released in 1945, Nehru actively participated in the talks which lead to the emergence of the dominions of India and Pakistan in August 1947.

Nehru contributed in developing the foreign policy. He called for liquidation of colonialism in Asia and Africa .Essaying a constructive, mediatory role, he was instrumental in bringing the Korean War to an end, and also played roles in resolving other international crises, like the Suez Canal and the Congo, offering India's services for conciliation and international policing. He worked behind the scenes coming up with solutions for several other delicate issues, like West Berlin, Austria, and Laos. Jawaharlal Nehru died of a heart attack on May 27, 1964.

Achievements

  • Played significant role in the Non-Cooperation Movement
  • Served as President at Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924
  • Presided over annual session in Lahore in 1929
  • Initiated a resolution demanding India's independence from British rule
  • Served as President of Congress party in 1936, 1937, and 1946
  • Elected first Prime Minister of independent India, Hailed as the prime architect of the Non Aligned Movement
  • Launched the Planning Commission, pioneered the development of science and technology, launched and set into motion three successive five-year plans.

Quotes

"A leader or a man of action in a crisis almost always acts subconsciously and then thinks of the reasons for his action."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"You don't change the course of history by turning the faces of portraits to the wall."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new; when an age ends; and when the soul of a nation long suppressed finds utterance."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Without peace, all other dreams vanish and are reduced to ashes."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"A theory must be tempered with reality."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"To be in good moral condition requires at least as much training as to be in good physical condition."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Action itself, so long as I am convinced that it is right action, gives me satisfaction."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"What we really are matters more than what other people think of us."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Citizenship consists in the service of the country."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"It is the habit of every aggressor nation to claim that it is acting on the defensive."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Let us be a little humble; let us think that the truth may not perhaps be entirely with us."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Crises and deadlocks when they occur have at least this advantage, that they force us to think."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Life is like a game of cards. The hand you are dealt is determinism; the way you play it is free will."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Loyal and efficient work in a great cause, even though it may not be immediately recognized, ultimately bears fruit."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Democracy and socialism are means to an end, not the end itself."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Obviously, the highest type of efficiency is that which can utilize existing material to the best advantage."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Our chief defect is that we are more given to talking about things than to doing them."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Democracy is good. I say this because other systems are worse."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Socialism is... not only a way of life, but a certain scientific approach to social and economic problems."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Every little thing counts in a crisis."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The art of a people is a true mirror to their minds."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The forces in a capitalist society, if left unchecked, tend to make the rich richer and the poor poorer."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Facts are facts and will not disappear on account of your likes."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The man who has gotten everything he wants is all in favor of peace and order."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The only alternative to coexistence is codestruction."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Failure comes only when we forget our ideals and objectives and principles."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The person who runs away exposes himself to that very danger more than a person who sits quietly."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The person who talks most of his own virtue is often the least virtuous."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Great causes and little men go ill together."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The policy of being too cautious is the greatest risk of all."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"I have become a queer mixture of the East and the West, out of place everywhere, at home nowhere."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"The purely agitational attitude is not good enough for a detailed consideration of a subject."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Action to be effective must be directed to clearly conceived ends."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Ignorance is always afraid of change."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"There is perhaps nothing so bad and so dangerous in life as fear."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"It is only too easy to make suggestions and later try to escape the consequences of what we say."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

"Time is not measured by the passing of years but by what one does, what one feels, and what one achieves."
- Jawaharlal Nehru

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