Irish Culture


Irish culture refers to the cultural rules and customs followed by the people of Ireland. The cultural differences exist in the country between rural Irish and urban Irish. The dissimilarity also visible between Catholic and Protestant residents of Northern Ireland between the people who speak Irish both inside and outside of the Gaeltacht regions and majority of the people who speak English, the difference is seen to be more between the native of Ireland and the immigrants and between the traveler inhabitants and the settled inhabitants throughout the Island nation.

In the year 1922, Ireland was divided into Irish Free State (Later it was known as the Republic of Ireland) and Northern Ireland. Until then it was part of the UK. Later, the Northern Ireland became a fraction of the renamed United Kingdom of Great Britain.

The separation between the two neighbors has resulted in cultural differences.  However, the largest minority population in Northern Ireland consider themselves as Irish both nationally and ethnically.


The food habit of Irish people is similar as other Northern European countries. Major portion of their meals include meat, cereals, bread, and potatoes. Irish people usually take four meals i.e. breakfast, lunch, tea and supper.

The centerpieces of the Irish meals are

  • Roasts
  • Stews
  • Lamb
  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Ham
  • Pork
  • Turkey
  • Fish
  • Seafood

With changing lifestyles and professions, the intake of frozen, ethnic, take-out, and processed foods have increased. However foods like wheaten breads, sausages, and bacon rashers and drinks like national beer, Guinness, and Irish whiskey still have importance in an Irish meal.


There is no official religion in Ireland. But the country has given special consideration to the Catholic Church. Irish people discourage loud, boisterous, and boastful behavior. Traditional holy wells are the main attraction for Irish people. They are associated with specific days, saints, rituals, and feasts. Internal pilgrimage to places like Knock and Croagh Patrick are considered two important aspects of religious belief, which integrates the formal and conventional religious practices. The customs followed by Irish people during funeral ceremonies are primarily linked to several Catholic Church religious traditions. The holy days mentioned in the Irish Catholic church are celebrated as national holidays.


The following are some of the events celebrated by Irish people with joy and gaiety. 

  • Cork Jazz Festival
  • Bray Jazz Festival
  • Dublin Theatre Festival
  • Fleadh Cheoil
  • Harvest Time Blues
  • Heritage Week
  • Kilkenny Cat Laughs Comedy Festival
  • City of Derry Jazz and Big Band Festival

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