The Day is celebrated annually on November 17th as an international observance of student community.
On 28th of October 1939, a demonstration in Prague held by students of the Medical
Faculty of Charles University to commemorate the anniversary of the independence of the Czechoslovak Republic was suppressed by the Nazi authorities in Czechoslovakia. A student, Jan Opletal was shot during the demonstration and died on November 11th. His funeral procession, accompanied by thousands of students, turned out to be an anti-Nazi demonstration. The Nazis had taken the following drastic measures in response to this.
The nine students and professors executed on that day were Josef Matoušek, Jaroslav Klíma, Jan Weinert, Josef Adamec, Jan Černý, Marek Frauwirt, Bedřich Koukala, Václav Šafránek and František Skorkovský.
International Students day serves as a memorial to the anniversary of the 1939 Nazi storming of the University of Prague which ended up in the death of nine students and professors.
It was in 1941 in London that November 17th is first marked by the International Students' Council as International Students' Day. This marked the starting point of the founding of the International Union of Students - IUS.
It was on November 17th that nine students and professors were executed without trial. That’s why November 17th is celebrated as International Students’ Day. International Students' Day is an international observance of student activism.
International Students’ Day celebrations inspire students all over the world in their quest for truly democratic education and a democratic society. 65 countries established November 17th as the International Student's Day. The International Students Day represents the struggle of students all over the world. During International Student's Day, students come out on streets and protest against braking human rights, demeaning of freedom of word and religion and equal opportunities for education. Students use this as an opportunity to demonstrate their opinions and act against injustice.