In October 31, 2003, The United Nations Assembly, declared the 9th of December to be celebrated as World Anti Corruption Day each year. The first annual International Anti-Corruption Day was conducted in Merida, Mexico on December 9th, 2004. Since then each year it is convened to fight the corruption with full potential around the world.
Notwithstanding the fact that US observe a high legal and ethical standards in anti corruption, it has faced a "drastic worsening" in its expected levels of corruption. It is because of the array of business scams and augmenting concerns over funding of political party.
USA also has a Foreign Corruption Practice Act (FCPA) with severe punishment for corrupt business that gains business overseas. In early 2006, a US firm was caught selling to new international airport the luggage scanning system at a whopping amount of under table kick back which was received by the then Thai officers.
The least corrupt countries in the world are in Europe and the worst corrupt countries are in Africa. It is told that corruption influence a lot our standard of living. A government servant having a monthly salary between US$ 100-200 in these nations can barely live to support a family of four members. Anti corruption drive in these sectors should be catapulted resulting in lifting their living standard.
But for those obese public executives who use power to their own gain, UN should come up with clear cut regulations to combat the corruption on the occasion of International Anti-Corruption Day.
Combating corruption should be approached globally because corruption is found every where rich and poor countries, and is explicit that it hits poor people beyond repair. It contributes to poverty, instability, and is a deciding factor in dragging weak countries towards infrastructure and state failure.
Governments, the private industries, NGOs, the media and citizens across the world are joining hands to combat this crime. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and United Nations Development Program and heading these efforts.
The joint international campaign, 2009 focuses on the ways corruption obstacles efforts to reach the mutually agreed upon MDGs, underestimates democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, unpredicted markets, deteriorates quality of life and enables organized crime, terrorism and other anti social threats to human race to flourish leaps and bound.
The assembly’s prevention chapter includes huge measures directed towards both private and public sectors.
The preventive steps proposed by the convention consist of preventive policies, viz. establishing anti-corruption bodies and improved transparency in the funding of political campaigns and political parties. Besides this, states should ensure that their public services should encourage transparency, efficiency and recruitment based on merit. And after recruitment, public servants should follow stringent guidelines of conduct.
In an attempt to ward off corruption, the convention recommends that States should set up tools and systems to review suspicious transactions, evaluate financial and exchange information.
Transparency and responsibilities in issues of public finance needs to be taken into account. For example, particular requirements should be considered for the prevention of corruption in specific crucial issues of the public sector, like procurement.
Citizens are provided with rights to get a high level of conduct from their government officials. However, citizens should also get involved in participating in preventing corruption practices themselves. For this reason, the convention encourages all the countries to actively promote and appeal the involvement of NGO and community organizations and other institutions of civil society to encourage public understanding of corruption and what the measure and steps to be taken.
The Convention encourages countries to designate as criminalized issues to an array of acts of corruption, if these are not considered crimes under prevailing domestic law, for example, criminalizing bribery, misuse of public funds, money-laundering and hindrance of justice.
Identification and recovery of stolen properties or assets is a big challenge. This is a significantly major issue faced by many developing countries where high-level corruption has crippled desperately needed public resources.
Effective asset recovery guidelines complement the policies of countries to address the devastating effects of corruption while flashing a message to corrupt authorities that they cannot hide their illicit belongings.
Eradicating corruption would be just impossible without a few laws and bye laws that apply to nations and governments around the world. There comes Convention against Corruption into picture.
Countries have affirmed to coordinate with one another in each aspect of the combat against corruption, including prevention, property recovery, investigation, and the prosecution of culprits. The basic idea is to leave no space for the criminals to hide. Individuals should no longer be able to leave their respective home countries and live without any fear of prosecution. Countries are liable to the Convention to render particular forms of mutual understanding and coordination in collecting and providing evidence for court purpose and to extradite the culprits. Countries should also take steps that would support the trailing, tracing, freezing, and confiscation of the proceeds of corruption.
The States Parties’ Conference in the UN Convention against Corruption was set up to enhance the capabilities of and coordination between States authorities to achieve the goals set up in the Convention and to encourage and monitor its implementation.
There are many steps taken and laws established to fight corruption but without its actual implementation and proper monitoring we cannot expect a clean and corruption free society.