Indira Gandhi Biography

Indira Gandhi Biography

Birth details- Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 at Allahabad in India to Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru.

Born: November 19, 1917, Allahabad, India
Spouse: Feroze Gandhi (m. 1942–1960)
Assassinated: October 31, 1984, New Delhi, India
Parents: Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamala Nehru
Children: Rajiv Gandhi, Sanjay Gandhi
Education: Somerville College, Oxford, Badminton School, University of Oxford, Visva-Bharati University

Personal Biography

Born during a period of political unrest, Indira Gandhi was educated in a series of Indian schools coupled with home based private tutorials. She met Feroze Gandhi who was a Parsi and faced stiff opposition for the inter-communal love marriage. Eventually they got married in 1942 which explains her surname Gandhi. They were blessed with two sons named Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi. Her lineage from her grandfather Motilal Nehru sowed the seeds for her future roles. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, had the rare distinction of becoming the first Prime Minister of independent India. Mahatma Gandhi had a strong influence on Indira Gandhi’s life.

Career

Due to the untimely death of her father Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri stepped into the role of Prime Minister while Indira Gandhi became the minister of Information and Broadcasting. Following Lal Bahadur Shastri's untimely death in 1966, she was elected to fill in and became the prime minister. Her tenure witnessed many uprisings like the Mizo tribal of northeast, natural calamities like famine, labour, the rupee devaluation caused unrest among the poor, agitation in Punjab causing linguistic and religious separatism. Her tale of woes continued when she lost her power to a coalition party called Janata Morcha in the general elections.

Indira Gandhi came back to power in 1980 after Janata Morcha collapsed owing to Factionalism.After the army invaded the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the Sikh was agitated. Eventually on 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi  was gunned down  by her own Sikh bodyguard.

Achievements

 Indira Gandhi became president of Indian National Congress in 1959 and served as Minister of Information and Broadcasting during Lal Bahadur Shastri's tenure; she became Prime Minister in 1966; nationalized major banks in 1969; created  the slogan of Garibi Hatao during  the 1971 general elections; led India to a decisive war against Pakistan in 1971.

Becoming the first woman Prime Minister of India was no ordinary feat, in a male-dominated society, she embodied feminism in India.

Even today she is referred in rural India as Indira-Amma which means "mother" in many Indian languages. The Garibi Hatao slogan coined by her has become the voice at many Congress political campaigns reflecting the ideology of the party. The Indira Awaas Yojana, which is named after her is a programme aimed to provide low-cost housing to rural poor. The international airport at New Delhi is named after Indira Gandhi.

Quotes

“A nation' s strength ultimately consists in what it can do on its own, and not in what it can borrow from others.”
- Indira Gandhi

“The power to question is the basis of all human progress.”
- Indira Gandhi

“All my games were political games; I was, like Joan of Arc, perpetually being burned at the stake.”
- Indira Gandhi

“Anger is never without an argument, but seldom with a good one.”
- Indira Gandhi

“Martyrdom does not end something, it only a beginning.”
- Indira Gandhi

“Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave.”
- Indira Gandhi

“You must learn to be still in the midst of activity and to be vibrantly alive in repose.”
- Indira Gandhi

“People tend to forget their duties but remember their rights.”
- Indira Gandhi

“These are methods used by all parties”
- Indira Gandhi

“One must beware of ministers who can do nothing without money, and those who want to do everything with money.”
- Indira Gandhi

“Have a bias toward action - let's see something happen now. You can break that big plan into small steps and take the first step right away.”
- Indira Gandhi

“Where there is love there is life.”
- Indira Gandhi

“My father was a statesman, I am a political woman. My father was a saint. I am not.”
- Indira Gandhi

“You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist.”
- Indira Gandhi

“We have believed - and we do believe now - that freedom is indivisible, that peace is indivisible, that economic prosperity is indivisible”
- Indira Gandhi

“There is not love where there is no will.”
- Indira Gandhi

“There exists no politician in India daring enough to attempt to explain to the masses that cows can be eaten.”
- Indira Gandhi

“I suppose leadership at one time meant muscles; but today it means getting along with people”
- Indira Gandhi

“To meet her is to feel utterly humble,”
- Indira Gandhi

“We would rather starve than sell our national honor”
- Indira Gandhi


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