Immigration effect on education was profound as it enormously increased the cost of overall education system in the country. When compared to other countries in the world, Americans spend far more per capita income on education which is extremely expensive. Throughout the US history, the education was mainly segregated based on the race and some ethnic groups basically had very little education in 17th and 18th centuries. Especially African Americans were restricted from getting educated before civil war and many states had laws that prohibited educating enslaved blacks. However, during the period of 1950s and 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement highlighted the inequalities and gradually led to the integration of black students into the regular schools with great opposition from other local communities.
After that many educational reforms came into effect in US with many enhancements on the existing policies on progressive education to provide equal education opportunities for all ethnic groups. As the legal and illegal immigration population grew exponentially the cost of education system also increased due to lack of their language abilities. As per 2005 census, out of $499.1 billion in the 2005 school year $125 billion dollars were spent on foreign born children. In some areas, such as California and New York where the alien students were highly concentrated the immigration effect on education was very large and specific.
Regardless of heritage and ethnicity, the uneducated immigrants who had very little interest in education generally ended up with poor educated children. But today’s immigrants are more highly educated when compared to the past and as per 2009 census almost 35% of the immigrants had college education. Most of the legal immigrants from Asia were tend to be highly educated while a large component of the immigrants from Latin America and their US born children were at the bottom of the education spectrum. The failure of immigrants and their children to learn English became the basis for much concern about immigration effect on education and because of that in the early 21st century the bilingual education came into effect.
The immigration effect on education has become enormously high with a total K-12 school expenditure estimation cost for each state approximately $7.4 billion annually. Almost all the communities right now have schools that are greatly affected by illegal aliens and the amount spent to educate them was accounting for a substantial portion of the state’s budget. As the illegal aliens pay very less or no state or federal taxes, the education costs of their children is becoming a burden for the public tax payers. With uncontrolled, massive immigration (legal and illegal) United States is left with lot of chaos in education and economic growth.