Human Rights Day 2014
Human Rights Day 2014 themes is "____________________", 2013 theme is "20 YEARS: WORKING FOR YOUR RIGHTS" and 2012 theme is "Universal Declaration of Human Rights"
The tremendous irreparable damage and loss of valuable human lives in the Second World War shook the whole planet! Besides myriads of priceless lives lost, the world witnessed probably the most macabre human rights violation during the time. The war was a wake up call in a way, for the entire human race. In 1945, the founding member countries of the then newly established United Nations, join hands to draft many solid laws to promote and protect the primary human rights of its citizens. In 1948, after a lapse of 3 years, the combined efforts of these counties paid off in the form of proclamation of "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" by United Nations’ General Assembly. This was the declaring which established that respect for human rights and human modesty "is the pillar of freedom, peace and justice in the world." Thereafter in 1950, the UN called on all member States and organizations around the globe to commemorate World Human Rights Day on 10th of December every year.
What are human rights?
Human rights are interlinked and interdependent rights inherent to all human beings without any discrimination of any nationality, ethnic origin, sex, religion, language, or cast and creed or any other status, as stated by the UN.
60th Anniversary of Universal Human Rights
The 60th Anniversary of “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” was observed in 2008. To celebrate this eventful year, the UN floated a year long campaign during which all it country members revitalize the vision of the Declaration in the form of commitment to universal modesty and justice and not to be viewed as a wish-list or luxury.
Treaties and Guidelines to enforce human rights
All governments across the world are liable to uphold, express, and guarantee the basic human rights in all its purity by means of laws in the forms of law, general principles treaties, primary transnational laws, and other international laws.
While the focus of the Universal Declaration remained the same of safeguarding human rights, wherever its violations occur, the economic, social, cultural, and political changes in all these years has created the requirement to have a new network of instruments and tools in place. For example, in the wake of the economic meltdown faced by almost all the entire countries, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) conducted convention and seminars to discuss the human rights violations on marginalized populations in various member nations. It has appealed the countries to do everything possible by all means to ensure that the current slowdown does not affect the fundamental rights to work, food, housing, health, education and social security of the people.
What We should do!
The UN has streamlined many methods through which the Day could be utilized as an opportunity to create and inculcate an awareness and assist protect our community and beyond. General campaigns like distribution of hand notes based on human rights or as SMS messages, or conducting a meeting or publicizing the real-life stories of activists, or submitting petitions to complement the rights of an organization or body in our area, all these could be a great option and opportunity to celebrate the Day in a fruitful way. However, the big support has to come from the government!
In the genre of human rights, UNESCO works to promote and display human rights research; to advocate education in human rights; to take action and combat against all kind of discrimination at regional, national and international level; to promote coordination among all actors and social networks; and to advocate democracy.
Goals of UNESCO
- Consolidate awareness.
- Work as a catalyst for regional, national and international promotion in human rights.
- Nurture coordination with all actors and social networks.
UNESCO tries to detect the obstacles hampering the full execution of human rights: the repercussions of nationalism, discrimination against minorities, religious intolerance, and other forms of discrimination arising from technological progress or from illness such as HIV and AIDS.
In 2002-2003 UNESCO developed a strategy for an international program on democracy. This strategy is cooperated by the International Centre for Human Sciences at Byblos in close coordination with the Democracy and Development International Panel.
UNESCO advocates and conducts research on new form of violence and promotes regional plans for human protection by enhancing links with local authorities to prevent conflicts at their level, through respect for human rights and policies toward sustainable progress and for eliminating poverty.
The Human Rights Council
The Human Rights Council is an individual independent entity. It supports the work of rapporteurs, working bodies, and representatives via its Special Procedures Division and the Research and Right to Development Division that aims to develop the integration of human rights principles and standards, including the rights to development; whereas the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division assists the work of country-mandates.
History is the witness to all our combined efforts to protect the fundamental rights of human being, but without the contribution of each and every individual we cannot reach the target of viewing a unbiased planet where every individual is free to take his own decisions on his own sweet will, irrespective any kind of pressure from any corner of society and system.
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