Hong Kong Culture

History

The culture of Hong Kong began with Chinese foundation and later it was influenced by colonialism of Britain. Though the sovereignty was transformed to the People's Republic of China in 1997, Hong Kong continued to embrace its own identity. Major portion of the Hong Kong ethnic Chinese people have inclination towards eastern culture as demographically they include greater part of population. Over the years, though many people have adopted the western culture, a sizeable portion of the population still adhering to Chinese culture.

On several social aspects, people of Hong Kong still give importance to the bottom-line of Chinese values i.e. "family solidarity", "courtesy" and "saving face". Even the Hong Kong culture is heavily influenced by the Cantonese ethnicity from the neighboring region of Guangdong. One can also find considerable communities of Hakka, Fukien, Teochiu and Shanghainese people in Hong Kong. Since long, people of Hong Kong, are normally referred to by their root in China. By and large the backdrop of Hong Kong Chinese culture that took shape after 1965 can be categorized as westernized as they have been largely influenced by open-minded western cultural symbols.

Food

Though the people of Hong Kong like to eat ethnic foods such as Italian, Japanese, French, and American, larger portion of the populace prefer to have Cantonese-style Chinese food. In most of the meals they serve soup. Citizens of Hong Kong love to buy seafood live and meat freshly slaughtered. Student mass of Hong Kong love to have snacks like potato chips, fried rice crackers, and prawn crackers from snack shops.

Special items those are served in festive ceremonies are as following:

  • Dishes of meat or fish
  • Chicken
  • Roast pork
  • Rice dumplings wrapped in lotus leaves
  • Rice flour balls in sweet soup
  • Fruit
  • Moon cakes

In Birthday parties for elderly people, a bowl of long noodles is served to symbolize their long life. Similarly, the eggs dyed red usually is served at the baby's first month celebration. Beer, brandy and grape wine are popular as drinks in Hong Kong.

Clothing

The Hong Kong, populace usually wear silk and cotton garments. The men wear a long gown with a curved front opening on the right side. The gown is fastened with buttons, loops, and a straight collar. Silk materials are used for summer garments and the winter garments are wadded with fur. Women wear a knee-length dress with a full-length skirt comprising front and back panels with pleats or godets at the sides enabling it to move. Women who do physical labor, usually wear loose baggy trousers. Women of middle- and upper-class families wear embroidered headband to conceal the plucked forehead, ankle covers and bound-foot shoes.

However, over the years, the fashion has undergone a lot of changes.

Traditions

Chinese folk religion is an integral part of Hong Kong culture. Unlucky sayings are thought to be offensive, and many people travel annually to the cemetery on Tsing Ming festival to worship their ancestors. There are various major shrines in Hong Kong. A number of smaller shrines also line in the streets of the Hong Kong. People avoid few numbers such as '4' for its similarity to the Chinese word which mean 'to die'.

Events

Chinese New Year is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm in Hong Kong. Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival are some other highly celebrated event in Hong Kong.


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