Ho Chi Minh Biography

Ho Chi Minh Biography

Born 19 May 1890, in Hoang Tru Village, Minh’s original name was Nguyen Sinh Cung. Nguyen meant, will be victorious”. Nguyen Sinh Sac, Mihn’s father was an imperial magistrate opposed French domination. Ho Chí Minh studied at the National Academy in Hue.

Born: May 19, 1890, Kim Lien, Vietnam
Died: September 2, 1969, Hanoi, Vietnam
Full name: Nguyen Sinh Cung
Spouse: Zeng Xueming (m. 1926–1969)
Education: Communist University of the Toilers of the East (1923–1925)
Parents: Nguyen Sinh Sac, Hoàng Thị Loan

Personal Biography

Minh discontinued his studies to teach at Duc Thanh School in Thiet. Mihn expressed his opposition at France which had the slogan "Liberty! Equality! Fraternity!" In 1911, Ho Chí Minh worked as a cook's apprentice on a French steamer. His free time was spent in public libraries accumulating knowledge about history and upgrading himself about Western society and politics.

In 1912, Minh moved to United States of America and worked as a baker at the Parker House Hotel. This was the turning point when Ho Chi Minh, came in contact with some Korean nationalists. Minh served his country  as Prime Minister from 1946 to1955.


Ho Chi Minh demanded the “independence for Vietnam” in accordance with the principle of self-determination. He filed a petition to the Versailles Peace Conference, which made him popular in the radical circles.

1920 saw Mihn as the founding members of the “Parti Communiste Français” French Communist Party. For three years, he mentored the radical exile groups in France.

In 1923 Marxist doctrine was introduced to him at the Comintern headquarters. Ho Chi Minh’s established the communist movement in French Indo-china. In 1941, he recruited radical Vietnamese exiled patriots in South China.

In 1945, Minh’s forces planned a coup to overthrow Emperor Bao Dai. He occupied Hanoi on 2 September .The Democratic Republic of Vietnam was born with Ho Chi Minh as President. Despite democracy being established in Vietnam, none of the countries gave any recognition. His petitioned to American President Harry Truman for Independent Vietnam fell on deaf ears.

After 1954, Ho Chi Minh served as President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Ho's Democratic Republic of Vietnam was relocated to Hanoi which became North Vietnam.

Minh maintained cordial relations with the communist states of Soviet Russia and China. Strong willed in his beliefs, stuck to Vietnam's independence, despite human loss. The communist succeeded six years after his death. Poster captioned with the quote “You are always marching with us, Uncle Ho" speak of Minh’s contribution. Ho Chi Minh died of Heart attack on 3 September 1969 at the age of 79.


  • First president of Democratic Republic of Vietnam
  • Staunch supporter of Vietnamese national interests
  • Chosen among Time Magazines 100 most influential person, of the 20th century
  • Honored with capital of South Vietnam, Saigon, named as Ho Chi Minh City.

Quotes :

“To reap a return in ten years, plant trees. To reap a return in 100, cultivate the people.”
― Ho Chi Minh

“It was patriotism, not communism, that inspired me.”
― Ho Chi Minh

“You fools! Don't you realize what it means if the Chinese remain? Don't you remember your history? The last time the Chinese came, they stayed a thousand years. The French are foreigners. They are weak. Colonialism is dying. The white man is finished in Asia. But if the Chinese stay now, they will never go. As for me, I prefer to sniff French shit for five years than to eat Chinese shit for the rest of my life.”
― Ho Chi Minh

“You can kill ten of our men for every one we kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and we will win.”
― Ho Chi Minh

“You will kill ten of us, we will kill one of you, but in the end, you will tire of it first.”
― Ho Chi Minh

“I'm very moved to be here today, ... Our lives are now much better, but Vietnam remains a very poor country. We need to work much harder.”
― Ho Chi Minh

“I follow only one party: the Vietnamese party ”
― Ho Chi Minh

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