Governance of France

French government has a semi-presidential system.  The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, and they have the same level of authority.  The governance of France is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial branches. The Parliament comprises of the National Assembly, or the lower house, and the Senate, or the upper house. 

The President heads the governance of France. He has control over the armed forces, civil service, and government departments. His appointed political assistants are called the cabinets. The government comprises of three ranks: ministers, deputy ministers, and ministers of state. The most senior members of the government are the ministers while the deputy ministers assist them in some departments. The ones who assist the ministers in least important areas are the ministers of state. The number of members of the ministers and his assistants is assigned by the government. The president also heads the French Armed Forces where he stands as the supreme commander. The military and paramilitary of France consists of French Army, French Navy, and French Air Force, and the National Gendarmerie which is the auxiliary paramilitary force.

France uses a civil law system which comes from written statutes. Most of The French Law principles were laid in the Napoleonic Codes that states “laws can only address the future and not the past”. There are no religious laws, blasphemy laws or sodomy laws in France. According to France’s constitution, statutes shall concern the following: civic rights, nationality, crimes, taxes, and electoral systems, employment of civic and military personnel, national defense, education, territorial concerns, social security, and labor laws among others.

United Nations is one of the organizations France belongs to. It is also a member of G8, WTO, Indian Ocean Commission, and Secretariat of Pacific Community. It serves as headquarters of UNESCO, Interpol, International Bureau of Weights and Measures, and other international organizations. When it comes to finance, the governance of France promises to eliminate the budget deficit by 2017. France has a mixed economy of private enterprise and government influence. France is ranked as one of the leading industrialized countries in the world and one of the world’s largest economies.


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