French Canadian Culture

Canada is situated in the north of the US and is a country of immigrants. It has a prominent French population also. Quebec is the location which is mostly populated by French Canadians. The population of French Canadians is 6.5 million. 5 million of French Canadians live in the Quebec Province and 1.5 million in other areas of Canada. French Canadians are often termed as Acadians.

History

The man believed to have discovered the Canadian mainland was French founder Jacques Cartier (1491-1557). He was looking for gold and wealth via the famed Northwest route to the East, but reached Newfoundland in May 1534. In his another attempt, he reached west along the St. Lawrence River as far as modern-day Québec City, and then crossed to the other site of Montréal.

Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635) a French Navigator, ultimately founded the first trading post on the site of Québec City in 1608. Unfortunately, Champlain's settlement was ransacked by English and Iroquois Confederacy rivals. However, Champlain's efforts to establish a French colony were frustrated by nature, battles with the English and a few other native groups.

 Food

Cheese and wine are the staple foods. Cooking includes comprehensive preparation and the use of fresh ingredients. The meals start off by telling “bon appétit”. Usually one starts off with a starter course, followed by a main course including salad course and the last part is dessert. Dessert is generally a fruit or yoghurt.

Clothing

French Canadians wear Western-pattern clothing. The conventional attire of the Acadians is still worn on special events. Women wear white blouses and bonnets, black skirts, and white aprons. Men are seen in white shirts, black vests, and knee-long black trousers. White stockings and black shoes are the traditional footwear of both men and women.

Wedding

French Canadians usually have a traditional view when it comes to marriage. The menu manifests poutine, maple syrup, meat pie, and sugar pie. The sock dance is a part and parcel of French Canadian weddings. The wedding invitations are printed both in English and French with an intention to retain their French-Canadian legacy.

Religion

French Canadians are originally descendents of inhabitants from France. Until the 1960s religion was a prominent component in the culture of French Canada as religion impacted schools, hospitals and other aspects of life. In the 1960s religion lost its cultural significance to an extent as the province of Quebec came to emphasis on the affairs of sovereignty and became more secular.


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