Every year in the United States of America Ferris Wheel Day is celebrated on February 14th. On Ferris Wheel Day holiday, everyone celebrates the Ferris wheel. On this Ferris Wheel Day everyone is encouraged to enjoy the ride of Ferris wheel and recall the fun and thrill when you are up in the sky while the wind boasts over your face.
A Ferris wheel is also called as big wheel or an observation wheel. A Ferris wheel is a non-building construction consisting of a vertical wheel with rider gondolas attached to the rim.
By George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr. the original Ferris wheel was designed as a landmark for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The name afterwards came to be applied generically for all such rides.
Ferris wheel is named after George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr. From Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Washington Gale Ferris, Jr. graduated and he was a Pennsylvania bridge-builder, Pittsburgh. In the railroad industry he began his career and then pursued an interest in bridge building. He understood the need for structural steel and he instituted G.W.G. Ferris & Co. in Pittsburgh, which is a firm that tested and scrutinized metals for railroads and bridge builders."
For the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois in 1893 Ferris designed and built the first 264 foot (80 m) wheel. The wheel was signified as a competitor to the Eiffel Tower, the centerpiece of the 1889 Paris Exposition." This first wheel capacity of passengers was 2,160 persons. At the Columbian Exposition the Ferris wheel was the largest attraction, standing over 250 feet tall and powered by two steam engines." There were 36 cars, accommodating 60 people each (40 seated, 20 standing). To make two revolutions it took 20 minutes for the wheel. The first to make six stops to permit passengers to exit and enter; the 2nd, a single non-stop revolution—the ticket price for this ride was 50 cents.
The wheel was moved to north side, following to an exclusive neighborhood when the Exposition ended. Against the owners of the wheel William D. Boyce filed a stillborn Circuit Court action to have it moved. It was then in 1904 at the St. Louis World's Fair it was used and finally demolished by controlled demolition in 1906. Its axle was the largest steel forging of the time at 70 tons. It was only a quarter of the Eiffel Tower's height." At 26 stories tall.
With a height of 65 meters (213 ft), Another Ferris wheel in 1897 was the Riesenrad in Vienna's Prater, in the second district of Leopoldstadt. It was contrived by Hubert Cecil Booth.
At Earls Court in 1895, London, UK had its very own 'Gigantic Wheel' built which was modeled on the original one in Chicago, U.S. Until 1906 this wheel stayed in service and had carried over 2.5 million riders. Adam Gaddelin and Gareth Watson are the two Australian engineers, who built the first of over 200 Ferris wheels.