Civil Rights Law

There used to be a lot of discrimination in the U.S., on the basis of race, color and gender. The government at that time felt the need for a civil rights law. Accordingly, the Civil Rights Act was passed by the Congress in 1964 which prohibited race and sex based discrimination in hiring, promoting and firing people.

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

The Federal and the state governments have done a lot to enforce this law. The civil rights law also provided for the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to implement the law. Many laws have been passed since then to widen the EEOC’s role. This commission now ensures that there is no discrimination based on race, religion, sex, color, national origin, age or disability when people are hired, fired, promoted or in any other employment related activity. Over the years, the civil rights law has also empowered the EEOC to conduct investigations, file lawsuits, conduct programs etc.

The civil rights law also consists of some other acts passed by the Congress in recent years.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

This law prohibits discrimination in employment against individuals who are age 40 years and above.

Equal Pay Act of 1963

According to this act, there will be no discrimination on the basis of gender. Equal work done in similar conditions will demand equal pay, whether employees are men or women.

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

This act states that disabled people will not be discriminated against in public and private sector employment. However, this law does not apply to the Federal government.

Civil Rights Act of 1991

This civil rights law states that the injured party can claim monetary damages in the event of intentional discrimination.

Rehabilitation Act of 1973 – Section 501

This law prohibits discrimination against disabled federal employees.

Education Act of 1972 – Title IX

This act forbids discrimination on the basis of gender in government funded educational programs.

Pregnancy Discrimination Act

According to this civil rights law, an employer can’t exclude pregnancy and childbirth from the company’s sick leave and health benefit plan.


Law Article Archive