United States and Canada celebrate the Black History month or the African Heritage Month during February to remember the important people in the history of Africa and to celebrate the achievement of the African Americans. The Dark history month also celebrate the important events in the African history and its vitality. The celebration is rightly observed in month of February, the birth month of Abraham Lincoln and Frederic Douglass.
The celebration of Black History month began in 1926 and was started by carter G Woodson, a black scholar, educationist and historian. At this time it was observed as the 'Negro History Week'. This was changed to a full month celebration in the year 1976 when the U S president officially declared February to be the black History month. The two men who changed the lives of black Americans, Abraham Lincoln the former President and the creator of emancipation proclamation born on February 12th, and Frederic Douglass, a former slave, abolitionist and a politician born on February 14th are honored by celebrating the upliftment of African Americans during their birth month Woodson also dedicated his time to develop books, magazines and newspapers to publicize the African American achievements.
In the beginning of the twentieth century, not one of the textbooks or curricula had any mention of the black American or any of their achievement. The tradition of black History Month started to explore the Black History. The observation of the month long black History celebration started to raise the status of the black American from mere slave to real human beings. The day was also aimed at making the people more aware and educating them about the African history. This celebration allowed the Africans Americans and other people to reflect and to know the achievement and advancement they made as an individual and as a community and to increase the confidence in the black people about their talent, ability and culture and to make them aware that they are not inferior to any other human race. The observation of the black history week became one of the very important parts of the civil right movement during 1950s to 1960s.
The black history month is celebrated as a community wide events and the celebration takes place in schools, churches, and work places. This day is celebrated to remember all the people from Africa who made a great change in the life and outlook of human being. During the month the students ofschools and other educational institutions hold seminar, classes, crafts and quiz competition to educate the new generations about the history of the African Americans, the important personalities of the nation and their contributions. They are also made aware of the practice of slavery and civil right movement in the last century through presentations and reenactments.
People celebrate the day by attending church service and religious services. Musical events and parties are also conducted during the celebration month featuring African original music and music styles introduced by black performer and traditional food. Many displays and exhibitions are held to give a detailed description about various personalities from Africa who created a mark of their own in the pages of world history.
February is the month designated to celebrate and observe the Black History month. Some critics believe that this month being the shortest signifies that the celebration can be included in the shortest time period as the Black history is so very sparse. And some critics believe that this is just an observation with little significance and the celebration is irrelevant; according to them this is just a holiday like so many other unimportant holidays.
But the month is really significant as it is utilized so as to create awareness and confidence in every single people with dark skin that, it is never the color that makes a person different; it is the thought and the deeds that make one great or small. The same message is also conveyed to other people an d they are also made to feel the humiliation and difficulty the Africans faced and are made to think open mindedly so as to take a silent pledge of treating everyone, the black, the white and the brown as equals and with dignity.