Ayatollah Khomeini

Ayatollah Khomeini

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was a religious leader and a prominent clergy of Islam and the only Muslim leader of the world who rebutted the much advanced secularism in the country. He also was the religious and political head of a state. When he was in power he imposed a strict Islamic government in the country of Iran that was completely based on the beliefs of Islam. This gained him lost of praises among several radicals and he was known as the protector and guardian of the Islam. 

Born: September 24, 1902, Khomeyn, Iran
Died: June 3, 1989, Tehran, Iran
Spouse: Khadijeh Saqafi (m. 1929–1989)
Previous office: Supreme Leader of Iran (1979–1989)
Children: Ahmad Khomeini, Zahra Mostafavi Khomeini, Farideh Mostafavi, Mostafa Khomeini, Sadiqeh Khomeini
Books: Islamic Government: Governance of the Jurist, Tahrir al-Wasilah

Birth Details

Ayatollah Khomeini was born on 24th September in the year 1902 in a small place of Iran Khomeini. His birth date is also popular for the birth anniversary of Hazrat Fatima. When he was 6 months old his father was murdered. Later he was raised by his mother and aunt. They both too died when he was 15 and after that his elder brother Seyed Mourteza took care of him. It was with him that he learned the basics of Shia Islam and memorized the Qur’an the Holy book of Islam.

Personal Biography

After the death of Khomeini’s Parents he was brought by elder brother from him Khomeini learned the basic of Shia Islam and in 1920 he travelled to Arak for his further studies in Islamic law and Jurisdiction. He also had acquired interest in Poetry and Philosophy during that time. In 1923 Ayatollah followed the footsteps of Ayatollah Abdul Karim Haeri-ye Yazd and reached Qom and pursued the study of theology. His excellence in learning things made him a leading scholar of Shia Islam. Besides being a scholar and a teacher Khomeini has also produced some excellent writings on Islamic philosophy, laws and ethics. It was during this time he received the title of Ayatollah meaning Gift of God. Khomeini had huge followers and they all formed an Islamic revolutionary movements taking Ayatollah as their leader.

Career

Ayatollah Khomeini started his career as a scholar and teacher of Islam. It was during his teaching he gained some followers who joined him for the Islamic revolutionary movements. In 1942 when Muhammad Reza Shah Pahalvi succeeded the throne and in 1960 white revolution was launched in order to promote the western culture. At this time Ayatollah opposed Emperor Shah and launched a campaign against him in 1962. A year later in 1963 there were a series of Political Rebellion under the leadership of Khomeini and he was forced for an exile in 1964.

During this period Khomeini worked on the transformation of Shia Islam into political movement. Also at the same time Ayatollah was recognized as a charismatic leader whose revolutionary system had given a new form to revolution. In 1977 he issued a fatwa against the Muhammad Shah and in 1979 he returned to Iran. The same year he formed his own Government.

Awards & Achievements

The biggest achievement of Ayatollah Khomeini is that he was acclaimed as the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists & Establishment of an Islamic Government in Iran.

Quotes

“must be wiped out from the map of the world.”
- Ayatollah Khomeini

“America is the great Satan, the wounded snake.”
- Ayatollah Khomeini

“One thing I congratulate everyone on is the great explosion which has occurred in Washington's Black House and the very important scandal which has gripped leaders of America.”
- Ayatollah Khomeini

“If one commits the act of sodomy with a cow, an ewe, or a camel, their urine and their excrements become impure, and even their milk may no longer be consumed. The animal must then be killed and as quickly as possible and burned.”
- Ayatollah Khomeini


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