It is fact that much of the historical debate on the consequences of immigration effects on African Americans has mainly focused on the key factors like employment, wages and economic issues. Most of the African Americans are descendents from the original enslaved Africans who were brought to US in the 16th and 17th centuries. With the introduction of Dutch West India Company in 1625 the popular concept of racial slave system came into effect and Massachusetts was the initial British colony that recognized slavery legally in 1641. In 1770, during American Revolution both the free and enslaved Africans supported English colonists to fight against British for acquiring independence. But by the end of 1775, Africans were almost 20% of the total population and considered as the second biggest ethnic group in US.
Along with the growth of African American community their desperate conditions also grew that lead to Civil Rights Movement and mass migration abolishing the racial segregation. Most of the famous African Americans leaders thought that immigration effects on African American community had harmed them to a great extent and impacted negatively on their economic conditions. After civil war, blacks have made substantial stride both economically and politically and in 1989, Douglas Wilder was elected as the first African American governor in US history. At the end of 1990s, their population reached 30 million which was about 12% of total US population and increased to 39.9 million according to 2005 census.
The immigration effects of African Americans increased the unemployment rate constantly as they still lag behind in education abilities when compared to Asians and European whites and most of them work in low level jobs for reduced wages. With the proper increase in education among young African generation the rate of poverty decreased from 26.5% in 1998 to 24.7% in 2004 and African American community became the second largest consumer group in US. But it was estimated in a research that immigrants such as Hispanics and Asians are much more likely to get hired by the employers than the native-born black Americans.
The gradual increase in the illegal immigration from Hispanic community had created more pressure among the African workers as they both compete for the same jobs and resources. There was a great debate on illegal immigration effects on African Americans with major concern on the housing, medical benefits, job competition, wages and cost of living. African Americans still inhabit mainly in separate and unequal communities and for the past 50 years their unemployment rates have been far higher than those of local whites. According to the 2011 census of labor department, the African Americans unemployment rate surged to 16.7%, the highest rate since 1984.